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  -  Thankyou Darrell !



Jesus Is an Anarchist
A Free-Market, Libertarian Anarchist, That Is-Otherwise
What Is Called an Anarcho-Capitalist
James Redford†
June 1, 2006
The above title may seem like strong words, for surely that can't be correct? Jesus
an anarchist? One must be joking, right?
But you read correctly, and I will demonstrate exactly that. At this point you may
be incredulous, but I assure you that I am quite serious. If you are a Christian and find
the above title at all hard to believe then you of all people owe it to yourself to find
out what the basis of this charge is, for if the above comes as news to you then you
still have much to learn about Jesus and about the most vitally important struggle
which has plagued mankind since the dawn of history: mankind's continuing struggle
between freedom and slavery, between value producers and the violent parasitical
elite, between peace and war, between truth and deception.
This is the central struggle which defines mankind's history and, sadly, continues to
do so. As Christians and as people in general, what we choose to believe and accept as
the truth is equally as vitally important, for ultimately it is people's beliefs about the
world that will shape and determine what outcomes transpire in the world. If the mass
of people believe in political falsehoods and deceptions then mankind will continue
to repeat the same gruesome mistakes, as it does presently, and the aforementioned
struggle will continue to be no closer to a desirable resolution. Genuine change must
first come by changing one's mind, and if what one had believed before was in error
then one cannot coherently expect good results to proceed forth from it. And all
change starts with the individual. You can help change the world by simply changing
First published at http://anti-state.com on December 19, 2001. Herein revised and expanded
on June 1, 2006.
†Email address: vonchloride@yahoo.com .
1
your mind. All I ask of you is to believe in the truth-know the truth and the truth
will make you free.1
It is the purpose of this document to demonstrate the above claim, and if you are
a Christian then I submit that it should be your task to honestly consider what is
presented here, for if the above claim comes as a surprise then I will show that what
you thought you knew about Jesus was not the whole story-Jesus is far more radical
than many would have you believe, and for good reason: it threatens the status quo.
For the consequence of this truth becoming understood and accepted by even onetenth
of the population would be quite dramatic indeed: governments would topple
like so many dominoes. For as the 16th century Frenchman ŽEtienne de La BoŽetie
observed in The Discourse of Voluntary Servitude,2 all governments ultimately rest
on the consent of the governed, even totalitarian dictatorships. Now this "consent"
does not have to be in the form of active promotion and support of the State, it could
simply be in the form of hopeless resignation, such as accepting the canard "nothing's
as sure as death and taxes." All governments can only exist because the majority-
in one form or another-accept them as at least being inevitable. They believe in
the deception that even though government may be evil that it is nevertheless a
necessary evil, and therefore cannot conceive of a better alternative. But if such were
true then Jesus Christ's whole message is a fallacy. But such is not the truth, there
is an alternative: liberty. And I will show that Jesus has called us to liberty, and that
liberty and Christ's message are incompatible with government.
You may wonder where I got the one-tenth figure from in the above if all governments
require the acceptance of their rule by the majority of their population. Again,
the reason is because this acceptance doesn't have to be active support but merely
resigned, as it usually is. If just one-tenth of the population strongly believed that
government was itself the greatest moral evil and that there was a better alternative
it would be enough to turn the tide. Since most people are followers and uncritically
accept the reigning political opinions, those who do not accept the status quo and
who are able to form and articulate a critical alternative will come to be the intellectual
leaders by default when the popular regime suffers a crisis and people begin to
look for alternatives. If the history of governments teach us anything it is that such
crisis is a regular occurrence, for governments by their nature tend toward instability.
If it be asked Why then do we still have government?, it is here answered that it is
1John 8:32.
2 ŽEtienne de La BoŽetie, Discours sur la servitude volontaire; ou Contr'un, likely written in 1552 or
1553, first published in full in 1576. An English translation by Harry Kurz with an introduction by
Murray N. Rothbard, The Politics of Obedience: The Discourse of Voluntary Servitude (New York:
Free Life Editions, 1975), is available at http://www.mises.org/rothbard/boetie.pdf .
2
because no viable alternative to government has been articulated by a critical mass
at such a crisis, in that most people throughout history have accepted the deception
that government is a necessary evil and could not conceive a better alternative.
Now I will articulate that better alternative, the one that Christ commanded us.
I will show that Jesus and His message are necessarily anarchistic. And what better
place to start than in the beginning?
1 Jesus's Very Life Began in an Act of Defiance to
Government-and Would Later End in Defiance
to Government
If it were not for Joseph and Mary's intentional act of defying that which they knew
to be king Herod the Great's will and escaping with baby Jesus from out of Herod's
midst as fugitives to the land of Egypt then Jesus would have been mercilessly killed
and needless to say His ministry and the fulfillment of Scripture would have never
come about. Thus in the most fundamental of regards, there is a great antagonism
from the very start between Jesus and government (to say the least). Jesus was born
into the world as a criminal and would latter be killed as a criminal-a criminal as
so regarded by the government, that is. And what was baby Jesus's crime? From
Matthew 2:1-6 we find the answer:
Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod
the king, behold, wise men from the East came to Jerusalem, saying,
"Where is He who has been born King of the Jews? For we have seen His
star in the East and have come to worship Him."
When Herod the king heard this, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem
with him. And when he had gathered all the chief priests and scribes of
the people together, he inquired of them where the Christ was to be born.
So they said to him, "In Bethlehem of Judea, for thus it is written by
the prophet:
'But you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah,
Are not the least among the rulers of Judah;
For out of you shall come a Ruler
Who will shepherd My people Israel.' "3
3New King James Version, as elsewhere unless noted otherwise.
3
So here we learn that Herod became troubled at the thought that there might be
someone else that people would come to regard as their king other than Herod. Herod
regarded Jesus as a threat to his power-was his fear unjustified? It is my judgement
and this document's central thesis that Herod was correct in his assessment of Jesus
as being a threat to his power-although not just to Herod as an individual but to
all that Herod represents, in a word: government; along with the unholy usurpation,
deception and subjugation of people that it necessarily entails. For as I will show,
Jesus's Kingdom is to be the functional opposite of any Earthbound kingdom which
has ever existed. And for government, this is the ultimate crime of which Jesus was
guilty, and which required His extermination.
Here we read of this pivotal act of holy defiance to government, without which
there would be no Christ as we know of:
Now when they had departed, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to
Joseph in a dream, saying, "Arise, take the young Child and His mother,
flee to Egypt, and stay there until I bring you word; for Herod will seek
the young Child to destroy Him."
When he arose, he took the young Child and His mother by night and
departed for Egypt, and was there until the death of Herod, that it might
be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying,
"Out of Egypt I called My Son."4
So enraged was Herod upon learning that the wise men had disobeyed his order to
report back to him on the location of baby Jesus that he ordered the extermination
of all the male children in Bethlehem and the surrounding areas from age two and
younger, all in the hopes that baby Jesus would be among the slaughtered.5 It was
only after king Herod the Great had perished that Joseph brought his family out of
the land of Egypt, and then only to Nazareth as Herod's son Archelaus was then
reigning over Judea.6
How very considerate indeed Jesus was being when He advised His disciples the
following:
Then He charged them, saying, "Take heed, beware of the leaven of the
Pharisees and the leaven of Herod."7
4Matthew 2:13-15.
5See Matthew 2:12,16-18.
6See Matthew 2:19-23.
7Mark 8:15.
4
At the time Jesus offered the above advice He would have been referring to Herod
Antipas. Jesus would later be mocked and ridiculed by Herod Antipas before finally
being put to death as a common criminal by the Roman government.8 In handling
the case of Jesus, Herod Antipas asked Jesus many questions, but Jesus refused to
answer any of Herod's questions.9 Thus, not only did Jesus's very life begin in an act
of holy defiance to government but it would also end in holy defiance to government.
It was also Herod Antipas who beheaded John the Baptist.10
The story of Jesus's life can in part be summed up as suffering through this
unjust Satanic world system for having preached the Truth, with government being
chief among the culprits of this Satanic world system. All one has to do is review
the life story of Jesus to plainly see that government-far from being instituted by
God-is and has been a demonic tool of Satan used to oppress the righteous. And I
will demonstrate that Jesus and the early Church leaders-as recorded the Bible-
knew this to be the case and preached the same. The instrument which Satan used
in an attempt to snuff-out that Truth in an act of deicide was government-from
the beginning of Jesus's life to the very end, it was government which sought to
exterminate this most dangerous threat of all to its power.
2 The Golden Rule Unavoidably Results in Anarchism
Jesus commanded us that in all things we are to treat others as we would want others
to treat us. Thus, Jesus said:
"Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did
not come to destroy but to fulfill. For assuredly, I say to you, till heaven
and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle will by no means pass from the
law till all is fulfilled."11
. . .
"Therefore, whatever you want men to do to you, do also to them, for
this is the Law and the Prophets."12
8See Luke 23:8-12.
9See Luke 23:9.
10See Matthew 14:1-12; Mark 6:14-29; Luke 9:7-9.
11Matthew 5:17,18.
12Matthew 7:12. See also Luke 6:31.
5
By saying that this commandment is "the Law and the Prophets" Jesus is saying
that by following this one commandment that one is thereby fulfilling the Law of
Moses and the principles of the Prophets-in other words, Jesus is saying that it
is the be-all and end-all when it comes to the proper ethic of social relations. This
ultimate social ethic which Jesus commanded everyone to follow is commonly known
as the Golden Rule.13
But if indeed Jesus actually meant what He said when He spoke these words-
and He most certainly did-then this alone is more than enough to prove that Jesus
is of necessity an anarchist, and not just any kind of anarchist, but a libertarian,
free-market anarchist in particular.
The reason this would necessarily have to be the case is because it is impossible for
any actual government to actually abide by the Golden Rule even in theory, let alone
in practice. All governments must of necessity violate the Golden Rule, otherwise they
would not be governments but would be something else instead.
To understand why this is unalterably true, one must first have a clear and precise
understanding of just what a "government" is and just what it is not, i.e., the distinguishing
characteristics of government which differentiates it from all other things
that are not governments.
When the word is used in the sense above, government (i.e., a state) is that
organization in society which attempts to maintain, and is generally successful at
maintaining, a coercive regional monopoly over ultimate control of the law (i.e., on
the courts and police, etc.)-this is a feature of all governments; as well, historically
speaking it has always been the case that it is the only organization in society that
legally obtains its revenue not by voluntary contribution or payment for contracted
services rendered but by coercion.
It is here where we find why it is quite impossible for any government to actually
abide by Jesus's ultimate commandment. The reason quite simply is because all governments
do to their subjects what they outlaw their subjects to do to them. That
is, all governments, in order to be a government, must enforce a coercive monopoly
on ultimate control of the law-this is a necessary feature of all governments. All
governments set up courts and enforce control over ultimate judicial decision, while
outlawing others from engaging in the same practice. Thus, e.g., if a group of people
become dissatisfied with the judicial services that the government is providing and
13An equivalent formulation of this is love your neighbor as yourself (see Matthew 19:19; 22:36-
40; Mark 12:28-34; Luke 10:25-28). Another equivalent formulation of this is Jesus's Commandment
that we love one another as He has loved us (see John 15:12,17; 13:15,34,35; 1 John 3:11,12,23;
4:11,20,21). Everything that Jesus ever commanded people to do can be logically reduced back to
this one principle.
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decide to set up shop offering their own private arbitration and protection services
on the market without seeking the permission of the government to do so then the
government will attack these people and put an end to their competitive judicial services,
and would thereby enforce its monopoly on ultimate control over the law. If
the government failed to enforce its monopoly on ultimate control over the law then
it would cease to be a government, but would instead become just another private
protection agency offering its services on a competitive market.
The above scenario leaves out something extremely vital though, as it merely assumes
that this government in question somehow obtains its revenue by voluntary
contribution and not by coercion. Yet all actual governments throughout history have
obtained their revenue not by voluntary contribution or payment for contracted services
but by coercion. Thus all governments throughout history steal and extort wealth
from their subjects which they call "taxes," yet at the same time governments make
it illegal for their subjects to steal from each other or from the government. Thus
here again in taxes we see that historically all governments do to their subjects what
they outlaw their subjects to do to them. I say "historically" because while although
all governments throughout history have found it necessary to fund their operations
through theft and extortion, it is not necessarily the case that all governments in
theory must be supported by taxes: one could imagine that most people in a certain
society simply voluntarily donate their money to fund a government, as unlikely as
that possibility is in practice. So while although a monopoly on ultimate control of the
law is a logical necessity of all governments, taxes are not-taxes have simply been a
practical necessity throughout all of history in order for governments to function.
And so we find that all governments must of necessity continuously violate Jesus's
ultimate social commandment even to simply exist. The principle which all governments
are founded upon and follow may properly be termed the Luciferian Principle.
This logically follows, because to not follow the Golden Rule is to do the opposite of
the Golden Rule: i.e., rather than doing to others what you would want others to do
to you, you would instead be doing to others what you do not want others to do to
you. Hence, if we may term the Golden Rule the Christ Principle, or otherwise the
Christian Principle, then it certainly follows that the opposite of this principle would
properly be termed the Luciferian Principle: which is none other than doing to others
what you do not want others to do to you.
It is for this reason that anyone that takes Jesus's ultimate ethical commandment
seriously must of necessity advocate the abolition of all Earthly governments wherever
and whenever they may exist, as governments are necessarily incompatible with
Jesus's ultimate ethical commandment and diametrically opposed to it. In passing,
it's important for me to distinguish "Earthly governments" from what is sometimes
7
called the "Kingdom of God" or the "Kingdom of Christ." In the above discussion I
have been analyzing governments as they are operated by men here on Earth-but as
I will show, the "Kingdom" which Christ is to establish on Earth will be the functional
and operational opposite of any kingdom which has ever existed on Earth before, i.e.,
it won't actually be a government in the sense in which I defined above and will in
fact be perfectly consistent with the Golden Rule.
Above I also stated that Jesus's commandment of the Golden Rule not only proves
that He is an anarchist, but also necessarily a libertarian, or free market, anarchist to
be specific. The reason that this is so is because an anarchist is simply someone who
desires no government to exist: only this and nothing more. Thus, one could desire
no government to exist and yet still feel that it is alright to, say, slap people upside
the head for no reason. Yet someone who follows the Golden Rule must not do to
others what they do not want others to do to them-this necessarily means that one
must respect the autonomy of other people's person and their just property: which
unavoidably leads to not just anarchism, as was demonstrated above, but also to the
free-market, voluntarist, libertarian order.
The rigorous proof of this is that everyone, by definition, objects to others aggressing
against what they regard as their own property. If such were not the case then, by
definition, such action would not be an aggression but a voluntary action. But ultimately
all just property titles can (1) be traced back by way of voluntary transactions
(which would thus be consistent with the Golden Rule) to the homesteading of unused
resources; or (2) in the case in which such resources were expropriated from a just
owner and the just owner or his heir(s) can no longer be identified or are deceased,
where the first nonaggressor possesses the resource (which can then be considered
another form of homesteading). Thus, for anyone to come into possession of property
which either was not homesteaded by themselves or which was not obtained by a
voluntary transaction would thereby be violating the Golden Rule, for to do so would
mean that they are obtaining a good by involuntary means from another who can
trace their possession of the resource either to direct homesteading or through voluntary
transactions leading back to homesteading (i.e., of either of the two types given
above). Yet, by definition, this aggressor would not want others to take his property
against his will which he had come into possession of by voluntary means-and surely
everyone possesses such property, even if it is just their own body.
Hence, if Jesus was serious about the Golden Rule-and He certainly was-then it
necessarily means that He is a consistent libertarian, as the Golden Rule as a political
ethic is completely congruent with the libertarian Nonaggression Principle, i.e., that
no person or group of people may initiate the use of force against another, or threaten
to initiate force against another.
8
3 Jesus Does Not Respect the Person of Men
According to the Bible, every person is equally subject to the commands of God,
and one does not become exempt from God's law simply because one has managed
to receive some sort of title of nobility. We are instructed to treat everyone by the
same law. Yet this automatically rules out the possibility that governments could ever
be legitimate, as they can only exist do to a privilege of monopoly on the ultimate
control over the law which they enforce while excluding all competitors. As well, they
collect taxes, which they call "theft" and "extortion" if anyone else engages in the
same behavior against them or others.
As it is recorded in the Gospels, it seems that the people that knew of Jesus in
His day were aware that He did not regard the person of men (i.e., titles of nobility,
etc.):
And they sent to Him their disciples with the Herodians, saying, "Teacher,
we know that You are true, and teach the way of God in truth; nor do
You care about anyone, for You do not regard the person of men."14
Yet this would have been merely conforming to people's expectation that Jesus
would have been following the Old Testament commands not to regard the person of
men.15 But that this is indeed the case was confirmed in the apostles' writings:
But from those who seemed to be something-whatever they were, it
makes no difference to me; God shows personal favoritism to no man-for
those who seemed to be something added nothing to me.16
And as James writes:
If you really fulfill the royal law according to the Scripture, "You shall
love your neighbor as yourself," you do well; but if you show partiality,
you commit sin, and are convicted by the law as transgressors.17
Yet consider what James's above admonition means as it concerns Jesus's ultimate
ethical command of the Golden Rule.18 If we as Christians were to take Jesus's command
seriously and apply it to everyone without partiality, then it would necessarily
require that we demand the abolition of all governments wherever they may exist, as
they can only exist by a continuous violation of the Golden Rule.19
14Matthew 22:16. See also Mark 12:14.
15See Leviticus 19:15; Deuteronomy 1:17; 16:19; Job 32:21; 34:19; Proverbs 28:21.
16Galatians 2:6.
17James 2:8,9. See also 1 Peter 1:16.
18See Matthew 7:12; Luke 6:31.
19See Section 2 on page 5 of this article.
9
4 Jesus on Taxes: Nothing Is (Rightly) Caesar's!
The story of Jesus commanding us to give unto Caesar that which is Caesar's20 is
commonly misrepresented as His commanding us to give to Caesar the denari which
he asks for (i.e., to pay taxes to government), as-it is assumed-the denari are
Caesar's, being that they have Caesar's image and name on them. But Jesus never
said that this was so! What Jesus did say though was an ingenious case of rhetorical
misdirection to avoid being immediately arrested, which would have interfered with
Old Testament prophecy of His betrayal as well as His own previous predictions of
betrayal.
When the Pharisees asked Jesus whether or not it is lawful to pay taxes to Caesar
they did so as a ruse in the hopes of being able to either have Him arrested as a rebel
by the Roman authorities or to have Him discredited in the eyes of His followers. At
this time in Israel's history it was an occupied territory of the Roman Empire, and
taxes-which were being used to support this occupation-were much hated by the
mass of the common Jews. Thus, this question was a clever Catch-22 posed to Jesus
by the Pharisees: if Jesus answered that it is not lawful then the Pharisees would
have Him put away, but if He answered that it is lawful then He would appear to be
supporting the subjection of the Jewish people by a foreign power. Luke 20:20 makes
the Pharisees' intent in asking this question quite clear:
So they watched Him, and sent spies who pretended to be righteous, that
they might seize on His words, in order to deliver Him to the power and
the authority of the governor.
Thus, Jesus was not free to answer in just any casual manner. Of the Scripture
prophecies which would have gone unfulfilled had He answered that it was fine to
decline paying taxes and been arrested because of it are the betrayal by Judas21 and
Jesus's betrayer replaced.22 Here is a quote from Peter on this matter from Acts 1:16:
"Men and brethren, this Scripture had to be fulfilled, which the Holy
Spirit spoke before by the mouth of David concerning Judas, who became
a guide to those who arrested Jesus."
As recorded in Matthew 26:54,56 and Mark 14:49, Jesus testifies to this exact
same thing after He was betrayed by Judas. As well, Jesus Himself twice foretold of
20See Matthew 22:15-22; Mark 12:13-17; Luke 20:20-26.
21See Psalm 41:9; Zechariah 11:12,13.
22See Psalm 109:8; Acts 1:20. See also Acts 1:15-26; Psalm 69:25.
10
His betrayal before He was asked the question on taxes.23 See also John 13:18-30,
which testifies to the necessity of the fulfillment of Psalm 41:9, as Jesus here foretells
of His betrayal by Judas.
In addition, it appears that the only reason Jesus paid the temple tax (and by
supernatural means at that) as told in Matthew 17:24-27 was so as not to stir up
trouble which would have interfered with the fulfillment of Old Testament Scripture
and Jesus's previous prediction of His betrayal as told in Matthew 17:22-neither of
which would have been fulfilled had Jesus not paid the tax and been arrested because
of it. Jesus Himself supports this view when He said of it "Nevertheless, lest we offend
them . . . ," which can also be translated "But we don't want to cause trouble."24 He
said this after in effect saying that those who pay customs and taxes are not free25-
yet one reason Jesus came was to call us to liberty.26
It should be remembered in all of this that it was Jesus Himself who told us
"Behold, I send you out as sheep in the midst of wolves. Therefore be wise as serpents
and harmless as doves."27 Jesus was being wise as a serpent as He never told us to
pay taxes to Caesar, of which He could have done and still fulfilled Scripture and His
previous predictions of betrayal. But the one thing He couldn't have told people was
that it was okay not to pay taxes as He would have been arrested on the spot, and
Scripture and His predictions of betrayal would have gone unfulfilled. Yet the most
important thing in all this is what Jesus did not say. Jesus never said that all or any of
the denari were Caesar's! Jesus simply said "Give to Caesar that which is Caesar's."
But this just begs the question, What is Caesar's? Simply because the denari have
Caesar's name and image on them no more make them his than one carving their
name into the back of a stolen TV set makes it theirs. Yet everything Caesar has has
been taken by theft and extortion, therefore nothing is rightly his.
5 Tax Collection Is a Sin!
A further demonstration that Jesus considered the institution of taxation to be unjust
is given in the below story:
23See Matthew 17:22; 20:18; Mark 9:31; 10:33; Luke 9:44; 19:31.
24Contemporary English Version.
25See Matthew 17:25,26.
26See Luke 4:18; Galatians 4:7; 5:1,13,14; 1 Corinthians 7:23; 15:23,24; 2 Corinthians 3:17; James
1:25; 2:12.
27Matthew 10:16.
11
As Jesus passed on from there, He saw a man named Matthew sitting
at the tax office. And He said to him, "Follow Me." So he arose and
followed Him.
Now it happened, as Jesus sat at the table in the house, that behold,
many tax collectors and sinners came and sat down with Him and His
disciples. And when the Pharisees saw it, they said to His disciples, "Why
does your Teacher eat with tax collectors and sinners?"
When Jesus heard that, He said to them, "Those who are well have no
need of a physician, but those who are sick. But go and learn what this
means: 'I desire mercy and not sacrifice.' For I did not come to call the
righteous, but sinners, to repentance."28
It's important to point out here that Jesus actually made a stronger case against
the unrighteousness of tax collectors than the Pharisees originally had in questioning
Jesus's disciples about it: the Pharisees actually separated the tax collectors from
the sinners when they asked "Why does your Teacher eat with tax collectors and
sinners?" Yet when Jesus heard this He answered the Pharisees by lumping the two
groups together under the category of sinners-thus: "For I did not come to call the
righteous, but sinners, to repentance."
Yet since this is the story of Matthew the tax collector being called to repentance
by Jesus we will do well to ask how it was that Matthew obtained repentance. The
answer: By first giving up tax collecting! And from this beginning Matthew would
thus go on to become one of Jesus's twelve disciples.
It may be pointed out in response that "all have sinned and fall short of the glory
of God."29 But the below passages make clear just how unrighteous and iniquitous
an occupation Jesus considers tax collection to be:
"For if you love those who love you, what reward have you? Do not
even the tax collectors do the same? And if you greet your brethren only,
what do you do more than others? Do not even the tax collectors do so?"30
. . .
"And if he refuses to hear them, tell it to the church. But if he refuses
even to hear the church, let him be to you like a heathen and a tax
collector."31
28Matthew 9:9-13. See also Mark 2:14-17; Luke 5:27-32.
29Romans 3:23.
30Matthew 5:46,47.
31Matthew 18:17.
12
6 On Paul, Romans 13 and Titus 3:1
It is often claimed that Christians are required to submit to government, as this is
supposedly what Paul commanded that we are supposed to do in Romans 13. Thus,
Paul writes:
Let every soul be subject to the governing authorities. For there is no
authority except from God, and the authorities that exist are appointed
by God. Therefore whoever resists the authority resists the ordinance of
God, and those who resist will bring judgment on themselves. For rulers
are not a terror to good works, but to evil. Do you want to be unafraid of
the authority? Do what is good, and you will have praise from the same.
For he is God's minister to you for good. But if you do evil, be afraid; for
he does not bear the sword in vain; for he is God's minister, an avenger to
execute wrath on him who practices evil. Therefore you must be subject,
not only because of wrath but also for conscience' sake. For because of
this you also pay taxes, for they are God's ministers attending continually
to this very thing. Render therefore to all their due: taxes to whom taxes
are due, customs to whom customs, fear to whom fear, honor to whom
honor.32
But in actual fact Paul never does tell us in the above excerpt from Romans 13 to
submit to government!-at least certainly not as they have existed on Earth and are
operated by men. In fact, Paul would be an outright, barefaced hypocrite were he to
command anyone to do such a thing: for Paul himself did not submit to government,
and if he had then he would not even have been alive to be able to write Romans
13. It is quite a good thing that Paul did disobey government, as we would not even
know of a Paul in the Bible had he not disobeyed government. As when Paul was
still only known as Saul he escaped from the city of Damascus as he knew that the
governor of that city, acting under the authority of Aretas the king, was coming with
a garrison to arrest him in order that he be executed. This was right after Saul's
conversion to Jesus Christ on the road to Damascus. The Jews in Damascus, hearing
of Saul's conversion, plotted to kill him as a traitor to their cause in persecuting the
Christians. Saul was let out of a window in the wall of Damascus under cover of night
by some fellow disciples in Christ.33 In none of Paul's later writings does he dispraise,
or disassociate himself from, these actions that he took in knowingly and purposely
32Romans 13:1-7.
33See Acts 9:23-25.
13
disobeying government: in fact, this very event is one of the things that he later cites
in demonstration of his unwavering commitment to Christ!34
Indeed, ever since Paul's conversion to Jesus Christ, he spent the rest of his entire
life in rebellion against mortal governments, and would at last-just as with Jesus
before him-be executed by government, in this case by having his head chopped
off. Paul was continuously in and out of prisons throughout his entire ministry for
preaching the gospel of Christ; he was lashed with stripes 39 times by the "authorities"
for preaching Christ; he was beaten with rods by the "authorities" for preaching
Christ; and none of these rebellions of his did he ever reprehend: indeed he cited
them all as evidence of his commitment to Jesus!35
But even more importantly, if Paul is saying in Romans 13 what many people
have said he meant, i.e., that people should obey mortal, Earthly governments, then
it is questionable whether Paul could even be a genuine Christian. For as was pointed
out above, Jesus would not even have existed as we know of today had it not been for
Joseph and Mary intentionally disobeying king Herod the Great and escaping from
his reach when they knew that Herod desired to destroy baby Jesus.36 Thus, if indeed
Paul meant in Romans 13 that we are to obey Earthly governments then this would
mean that Paul would rather have Joseph and Mary obey king Herod the Great and
turn baby Jesus over to be killed.
So what in the world is going on here with Paul and Romans 13? Is Paul a
hypocrite? Is Paul being contradictory? Actually, No to both. Once again, as with
Jesus's answer to the question on taxes, this is another ingenious case of rhetorical
misdirection. Paul was counting on the fact that most people who would be hostile to
the Christian church-the Roman "authorities" in particular-would, upon reading
Romans 13, naturally interpret it from the point of view of legal positivism: i.e., that
such people would take for granted that the "governing authorities" and "rulers"
spoken of must refer to the men who operate the governments on Earth. But never
does Paul anywhere say that this is so! (Legal positivism is the doctrine that whichever
gang is best able to overpower others with arms and might and thereby subjugate the
populace and who then proceed to proclaim themselves the "authority" are on that
account the rightful "Authority.")
But before proceeding with the above analysis, what would the motive be for Paul
to include such rhetorical misdirection in his letter to the people at the church of
Rome? In answering this, it must be remembered that just as with Jesus, Paul was
not free to say just anything that he wanted. The early Christians were a persecuted
34See 2 Corinthians 11:22-33.
35Ibid.
36See Matthew 2:13,14.
14
minority under the close surveillance of the Roman government as a possible threat
to its power. Here is Biblical proof of this assertion written by Paul himself:
And this occurred because of false brethren secretly brought in (who came
in by stealth to spy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, that
they might bring us into bondage), to whom we did not yield submission
even for an hour, that the truth of the gospel might continue with you.37
Paul never intended that his letter to the Roman church be kept secret, and he
knew that it would be copied and distributed amongst the populace, and thus inevitably
it would fall into the hands of the Roman government, especially considering
that this letter was going directly into the belly of the beast itself: the city of Rome.
Thus by including this in the letter to the church at Rome he would help put at ease
the fears of the Roman government so that the persecution of the Christians would
not be as severe and so that the more important task of the Church, that of saving
people's souls, could more easily continue unimpeded. But Paul wrote it in such a
way that a truly knowledgeable Christian at the time would have no doubt as to what
was actually meant.
The Church leaders at the time would have known that Paul obviously couldn't
have meant the people who control the mortal governments as they exist on Earth
when he referred to the "governing authorities" and "rulers" in Romans 13, for that
would have made Paul a shameless hypocrite and also meant that he would desire
that baby Jesus had been killed (for surely the histories of Paul and Jesus's lives
would have been fresh on their minds). The only answer that can make any sense of
this seeming riddle is that one doesn't actually become a true "governing authority"
or "ruler" simply because one has managed by way of deception, terror, murder and
might to subjugate a certain population and then proceed to thereby proclaim oneself
the "King" or the "Authority" or the "Ruler." Instead, what Paul is saying is that
the only true and real authorities are only those that God appoints, i.e., one cannot
become a real authority or ruler in the eyes of God simply because through force
of arms one has managed to subjugate a population and then proclaim oneself the
potentate. Thus, by saying this Paul was actually rebuking the supposed authority of
the mortal governments as they exist on Earth and are operated by men!
"Let every soul be subject to the governing authorities. For there is no authority
except from God, and the authorities that exist are appointed by God"38 leaves
wide open the possibility that those who control the mortal governments on Earth
37Galatians 2:4,5.
38Romans 13:1.
15
are not true authorities as appointed by God. The fallacy most people make when
encountering a statement such as this is to unthinkingly and automatically assume
that Paul must be referring to the people in control of the mortal governments that
exist on Earth-for after all, don't these people who run these Earthly governments
call themselves the "governing authorities"? Do they not teach their subjects from
birth that they are the "rulers" and the "authorities"? But when we factor in the
life history of both Jesus and Paul, then it can leave no room for doubt: Paul most
certainly could not have been referring in Romans 13 to the people who control the
mortal governments as they exist on Earth-otherwise Paul would be an outright
hypocrite as well as an advocate of deicide against baby Jesus. Indeed, God Himself
directly confirms this very thing as He spoke to Hosea: "They set up kings, but not
by Me; They made princes, but I did not acknowledge them."39
Let us continue with this analysis as it specifically concerns Romans 13:3,4:
For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to evil. Do you want to be
unafraid of the authority? Do what is good, and you will have praise from
the same. For he is God's minister to you for good. But if you do evil, be
afraid; for he does not bear the sword in vain; for he is God's minister, an
avenger to execute wrath on him who practices evil.
Here Paul uses deep Christian references to logically code his necessarily actual
message, for Jesus Christ said that all who bear the sword do indeed bear it in vain.40
So why is Paul seemingly here contradicting Jesus Christ's own teachings on this
matter? In order to reconcile the apparent contradiction and hence to comprehend
what Paul is in actuality saying here requires a firm understanding of early Christian
terminology, such as used by Jesus and the original Church fathers. Paul is not talking
about a literal sword, i.e., actual physical force, such as used by all the Earthly, mortal
governments. Paul is talking about the Word of God,41 which is the sword that Jesus
Christ bears,42 and which figurative sword is none other than simply the truth. This is
the only "sword" not borne in vain. This is also the figurative "fire" that Jesus came
to send to the Earth43-that figurative "fire" being the Word of God, i.e., the truth.
As Paul wrote in his letters concerning the pretended "authorities" of the mortal,
Earthly governments:
39Hosea 8:4.
40See Matthew 26:52; Revelation 13:10.
41See Ephesians 6:17.
42See Matthew 10:34; Hebrews 4:12; Revelation 1:16; 19:15,21.
43See Matthew 3:11; Luke 3:16; 12:49. See also Matthew 10:34.
16
However, we speak wisdom among those who are mature, yet not the
wisdom of this age, nor of the rulers of this age, who are coming to nothing.
But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, the hidden wisdom which
God ordained before the ages for our glory, which none of the rulers of this
age knew; for had they known, they would not have crucified the Lord of
glory.44
And further
Remember that Jesus Christ, of the seed of David, was raised from
the dead according to my gospel, for which I suffer trouble as an evildoer,
even to the point of chains; but the word of God is not chained.45
. . .
Yes, and all who desire to live godly in Christ Jesus will suffer persecution.
46
What the above passages clearly demonstrate is that Paul certainly did indeed
think that the mortal, Earthly rulers were a terror to good works. Paul even wrote
that "the rulers of this age . . . are coming to nothing"!
Paul elsewhere wrote that the only genuine potentate is Jesus Christ, saying that
Jesus "is the blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings and Lord of lords."47 But
as true Christians, being members in the body of Christ,48 we are co-potentates along
with Jesus49-but only insofar as we remain within the Spirit of Christ. If were were
to pick up and use a literal sword, i.e., if we were to use actual aggressive physical force
such as the mortal, Earthly governments do, then we would be doing so in vain,50 and
would no longer be acting under the authority of Jesus as the only true potentate. In
other words, we are to speak the hard, hated, and dangerous truth, such as regarding
the inherently diabolical nature of government. This is our sword, and it is the only
sword which is not borne in vain.
But, some may inquire, what about Paul telling us to pay taxes in Romans 13:6-7?
Thus, Paul wrote:
441 Corinthians 2:6-8.
452 Timothy 2:8,9.
462 Timothy 3:12.
471 Timothy 6:15. See also 1 Timothy 1:17; Acts 17:6,7; James 4:12.
48See 1 Corinthians 12:12-27; Romans 12:5; Ephesians 5:30.
49See 1 Corinthians 6:1-8; Luke 12;57; 22:30; Revelation 5:10; Daniel 7:27.
50See Matthew 26:52; Revelation 13:10.
17
For because of this you also pay taxes, for they are God's ministers attending
continually to this very thing. Render therefore to all their due:
taxes to whom taxes are due, customs to whom customs, fear to whom
fear, honor to whom honor.51
But does Paul really tell us to pay taxes here? Again, just as with Jesus, nowhere
does Paul actually tell anyone to pay any taxes! Paul continues with the rhetorical
misdirection that he started in the beginning of Romans 13, knowing-just as Jesus
knew before him-that those who would be hostile to the Christian church would
automatically assume what they are predisposed to assume: i.e., that the taxes and
customs "due" are due to those in control of the governments who levy them. But
here Paul was being wise as a serpent and harmless as a dove, as Paul never said any
such thing. For when Paul says "Render therefore to all their due: taxes to whom
taxes are due, customs to whom customs" this just begs the question: To whom are
taxes and customs due? The answer to which could quite possibly be "No one." And
this is precisely how Paul proceeds to answer his own question-begging statement, in
Romans 13:8-10:
Owe no one anything except to love one another, for he who loves another
has fulfilled the law. For the commandments, "You shall not commit adultery,"
"You shall not murder," "You shall not steal," "You shall not bear
false witness," "You shall not covet," and if there is any other commandment,
are all summed up in this saying, namely, "You shall love your
neighbor as yourself." Love does no harm to a neighbor; therefore love is
the fulfillment of the law.
So there we have it in no uncertain terms: Owe no one anything except to love
one another! Yet since when have taxes ever had the slightest thing to do with love?
As was explained above, all mortal governments throughout history steal and extort
wealth from their subjects which they call "taxes," yet at the same time governments
make it illegal for their subjects to steal from each other or from the government.
Thus in taxes we see that historically all governments do to their subjects what they
outlaw their subjects to do to them. Thus, all Earthly, mortal governments, by levying
taxes, break the Golden Rule which Jesus commanded everyone as the supreme law.
In the earlier discussion on Jesus and taxes we learned that when Jesus said "Give
on to Caesar that which is Caesar's and give unto the Lord that which is the Lord's"
he was, in effect, actually saying that one need not give anything to Caesar: as nothing
51Romans 13:6,7.
18
is rightly his, considering that everything that Caesar has has been taken by theft
and extortion.
And what of Paul writing in Titus 3:1: "Remind them to be subject to rulers and
authorities, to obey, to be ready for every good work"? As was clearly demonstrated
above, Paul was referring to the true higher authorities as recognized by God, not to
the diabolical, Satanic, mortal governments as they have existed on Earth-as Paul
spent his entire ministry in rebellion against the Earthbound, mortal "authorities,"
and was at last put to death by them.52
And as further proof of this, consider Paul's advice to Christians as regarding
being judged by what the government considers the "authority":
Dare any of you, having a matter against another, go to law before the
unrighteous, and not before the saints? Do you not know that the saints
will judge the world? And if the world will be judged by you, are you
unworthy to judge the smallest matters? Do you not know that we shall
judge angels? How much more, things that pertain to this life? If then you
have judgments concerning things pertaining to this life, do you appoint
those who are least esteemed by the church to judge? I say this to your
shame. Is it so, that there is not a wise man among you, not even one,
who will be able to judge between his brethren? But brother goes to law
against brother, and that before unbelievers!
Now therefore, it is already an utter failure for you that you go to law
against one another. Why do you not rather accept wrong? Why do you
not rather let yourselves be cheated? No, you yourselves do wrong and
cheat, and you do these things to your brethren!53
Paul said that the government judges "are least esteemed by the church to judge"!
It is clear that he considered them to be no authority at all!
But moreover, even Jesus didn't consider the Earthly, mortal "rulers" to be true
rulers and authorities! Thus, as Mark records:
But Jesus called them to Himself and said to them, "You know that those
who are considered rulers over the Gentiles lord it over them, and their
great ones exercise authority over them. Yet it shall not be so among you;
but whoever desires to become great among you shall be your servant.
52For other cases of righteous disobedience to government recorded in the Bible, see Exodus 1:15-
2:3; 1 Samuel 19:10-18; Esther 4:16; Daniel 3:12-18; 6:10; Matthew 2:12,13; Luke 23:8,9; Acts 5:29;
9:25; 17:6-8; 2 Corinthians 11:32,33.
531 Corinthians 6:1-8.
19
And whoever of you desires to be first shall be slave of all. For even the
Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a
ransom for many."54
By saying this Jesus was in fact rebuking the supposed "authority" of the Earthly
"rulers"! Just because mortals on Earth may consider someone to be an "authority"
and "ruler" does not mean that God considers them to be so!
7 On Peter and 1 Peter 2:13-18
Another Bible passage that is sometimes cited by statists in an attempt to demonstrate
that people ought to submit to mortal government is 1 Peter 2:13-18:
Therefore submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's
sake, whether to the king as supreme, or to governors, as to those who are
sent by him for the punishment of evildoers and for the praise of those
who do good. For this is the will of God, that by doing good you may put
to silence the ignorance of foolish men-as free, yet not using liberty as
a cloak for vice, but as bondservants of God. Honor all people. Love the
brotherhood. Fear God. Honor the king.
Servants, be submissive to your masters with all fear, not only to the
good and gentle, but also to the harsh.
But Peter himself did not so submit! Peter and the apostles were arrested in
Jerusalem by the Sadducees for preaching the gospel of Jesus and brought before the
Sanhedrin court for questioning:
And when they had brought them, they set them before the council.
And the high priest asked them, saying, "Did we not strictly command
you not to teach in this name? And look, you have filled Jerusalem with
your doctrine, and intend to bring this Man's blood on us!"
But Peter and the other apostles answered and said: "We ought to
obey God rather than men. The God of our fathers raised up Jesus whom
you murdered by hanging on a tree. Him God has exalted to His right
hand to be Prince and Savior, to give repentance to Israel and forgiveness
of sins. And we are His witnesses to these things, and so also is the Holy
Spirit whom God has given to those who obey Him."55
54Mark 10:42-45. See also Matthew 18:4; 20:25-28; Mark 9:35; Luke 22:25,26.
55Acts 5:27-32.
20
So here we have it from Peter himself: We ought to obey God rather than men! Yet
Jesus already commanded that the ultimate Law is for everyone to treat others as they
themselves would want to be treated-therefore, according to Peter, any commands
by men that are contrary to this ultimate Law are automatically null and void.
Once again one must consider that the Christians at this time were a persecuted
minority under the surveillance of the mortal "authorities" as possible insurrectionists,
and so statements like what is written in 1 Peter 2:13-18 were included to pacify such
"authorities" so that the most important task of saving people's souls could continue-
yet, just as Paul included an "escape clause" in Romans 13 ("Owe no one anything
except to love one another"), Peter also includes an escape clause contained in 1 Peter
2:13-18, which is the 16th verse therein:
For this is the will of God, that by doing good you may put to silence the
ignorance of foolish men-verse 16as free, yet not using liberty as a cloak
for vice, but as bondservants of God.
The New International Version Bible translates verse 16 as "Live as free men, but
do not use your freedom as a cover-up for evil; live as servants of God." Most other
modern English Bible versions translate the beginning of this passage as either "Live
as free" or "Act as free." So in other words, when this is combined with what Peter
said in Acts 5:29, we can take the entire passage of 1 Peter 2:13-18 to mean that we
ought to obey all the ordinances of men: except for all such ordinances that happen
to conflict with our God-given liberty and Jesus's ultimate commandment-which is
virtually every single one of them! But other than that, do indeed obey every other
ordinance of man, for in so doing one will merely be obeying Jesus's commandment-
in which case the ordinances of man which one ought to obey are merely redundant!
Also, consider the following statement by Peter which some statists might try to
construe in their favor:
. . . then the Lord knows how to deliver the godly out of temptations and
to reserve the unjust under punishment for the day of judgment, and
especially those who walk according to the flesh in the lust of uncleanness
and despise authority. They are presumptuous, self-willed. They are not
afraid to speak evil of dignitaries . . . 56
As has already been pointed out, the statist fallacy when encountering such statements
is to automatically deem the "authorities" and "dignitaries" spoken of in these
562 Peter 2:9,10.
21
cases as necessarily being the "authorities" and "dignitaries" that the positive law
(i.e., the government's law) so regards-but such cannot be the actual case, as it is
written by Hosea, as spoken to him by God: "They set up kings, but not by Me; They
made princes, but I did not acknowledge them."57
As well, Jesus Himself rebuked the supposed "authority" of the Earthly "rulers":
But Jesus called them to Himself and said to them, "You know that those
who are considered rulers over the Gentiles lord it over them, and their
great ones exercise authority over them. Yet it shall not be so among you;
but whoever desires to become great among you shall be your servant.
And whoever of you desires to be first shall be slave of all. For even the
Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a
ransom for many."58
8 The Ruler and God of This World and Age
Which All Mortal Governments Worship is Satan
(a.k.a. Lucifer)
The Bible is quite explicit as to who it is that really controls all the mortal governments
on Earth, and which god is the god that the mortal rulers worship:
Then the devil, taking Him up on a high mountain, showed Him all
the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time. And the devil said to
Him, "All this authority I will give You, and their glory; for this has been
delivered to me, and I give it to whomever I wish. Therefore, if You will
worship before me, all will be Yours."
And Jesus answered and said to him, "Get behind Me, Satan! For it
is written, 'You shall worship the Lord your God, and Him only you shall
serve.' "59
This is one of the offers Satan made to Christ during the forty days in which Satan
tempted Jesus, an event now sometimes referred to as the Temptation of Christ. Satan
wasn't lying when he made the above offer to Jesus: it was an absolutely real offer
that Satan would have delivered on. This is necessarily the case, as Luke even writes
57Hosea 8:4.
58Mark 10:42-45. See also Matthew 18:4; 20:25-28; Mark 9:35; Luke 22:25,26.
59Luke 4:5-8. See also Matthew 4:1-11; Mark 1:12,13; Luke 4:1-13.
22
in verse 2 of the above chapter that here Jesus was "tempted for forty days by the
devil"-thus, this had to be a real offer or else it could hardly qualify as a real
temptation, as certainly Jesus would have known whether or not what Satan said
here was true: if what Satan was saying here were false then Jesus would have already
known that, and hence Satan's offer could not have been the least bit tempting to
Jesus.
How true indeed Satan was being when he said that all the kingdoms of the world
have been delivered to him, and that he gives them to whomever he wishes: which
are those who worship him as their God! All Earthly, mortal potentates have quite
literally made a pact with Satan! Every last one of them has literally sold their soul
to Satan in return for Earthly power! As God spoke as recorded in Hosea 8:4: "They
set up kings, but not by Me; They made princes, but I did not acknowledge them."
And Jesus later said on three separate occasions that Satan is the ruler of this
world. Thus in John 12:31: "Now is the judgment of this world; now the ruler of this
world will be cast out." In John 14:30: "I will no longer talk much with you, for the
ruler of this world is coming, and he has nothing in Me." And in John 16:8-11: "And
when He has come, He will convict the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of
judgment: of sin, because they do not believe in Me; of righteousness, because I go to
My Father and you see Me no more; of judgment, because the ruler of this world is
judged."
Additionally, Paul in two separate letters writes that Satan is the god and ruler
of this age:
But even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled to those who are perishing,
whose minds the god of this age has blinded, who do not believe, lest the
light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God, should
shine on them.60
And
Put on the whole armor of God, that you may be able to stand against
the wiles of the devil. For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but
against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of
this age, against spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places.61
602 Corinthians 4:3,4.
61Ephesians 6:11,12.
23
All one has to do to realize just how literal and true Satan, Jesus and Paul were
being when they made the above statements62 is to consider that more than four
times the amount of non-combatants have been systematically murdered for purely
ideological reasons by their own governments within the past century than were killed
in that same time-span from wars. From 1900 to 1923, various Turkish regimes killed
from 3,500,000 to over 4,300,000 of its own Armenians, Greeks, Nestorians, and other
Christians. Communist governments have murdered over 110 million of their own subjects
since 1917. And Germany committed genocide against some 16 million people-6
million of them Jews.63 Over 800,000 Christian Tutsis in Rwanda were hacked to death
with machetes between April and July of 1994 by the Hutu-led military force after
the Tutsis had been disarmed by governmental decree in the early 1990s, of which disarmament
decree the United Nations helped to enforce. On several occasions, United
Nations soldiers stationed in Rwanda actually handed over helpless Tutsi Christians
under their protection to members of the Hutu military. They then stood by as their
screaming charges were unceremoniously hacked to pieces. This massacre happened
one year after the United Nations helped to put in a national ID card in Rwanda,
and it was that very national ID card system which the Hutus used to track-down
and identify the Christian Tutsis. Needless to say, all of the subject populations of
the above mass murders had been disarmed beforehand.
The wars and mass murders which the mortal governments routinely engage in
are literal human-sacrifice orgies that the Earthly rulers of those governments offer
up to appease their God Satan, a.k.a. Lucifer!
Government, throughout all of recorded history, has been the most methodical
and efficient human-meat grinder to ever exist. It is a purely Satanical machination
masquerading as humanity's salvation, but has always been-and forever will be so
long as it exists-the scourge of mankind and our decline.
9 Jesus Defended the Right to Freely Contract
and Private Property Rights
Besides the Golden Rule which Jesus commanded as the ultimate social ethic, another
Biblical account of Jesus's teachings which clearly demonstrates His attitude toward
62The present epoch which we live in could accurately be designated the Satanic Age, or the Age
of Satan's Earthly Rulership. The Earthly, mortal governments are simply the outward, physical
mechanism of Satan's current rulership over the people of Earth.
63The preceding figures are from Prof. Rudolph Joseph Rummel's website at http://www.hawaii.
edu/powerkills/ .
24
the institution of private property and the free and voluntary trade thereof is given
in His below Parable of the Workers in the Vineyard:
"For the kingdom of heaven is like a landowner who went out early in
the morning to hire laborers for his vineyard. Now when he had agreed
with the laborers for a denarius a day, he sent them into his vineyard.
And he went out about the third hour and saw others standing idle in
the marketplace, and said to them, 'You also go into the vineyard, and
whatever is right I will give you.' So they went. Again he went out about
the sixth and the ninth hour, and did likewise. And about the eleventh
hour he went out and found others standing idle, and said to them, 'Why
have you been standing here idle all day?' They said to him, 'Because
no one hired us.' He said to them, 'You also go into the vineyard, and
whatever is right you will receive.'
"So when evening had come, the owner of the vineyard said to his
steward, 'Call the laborers and give them their wages, beginning with
the last to the first.' And when those came who were hired about the
eleventh hour, they each received a denarius. But when the first came,
they supposed that they would receive more; and they likewise received
each a denarius. And when they had received it, they complained against
the landowner, saying, 'These last men have worked only one hour, and
you made them equal to us who have borne the burden and the heat of
the day.' But he answered one of them and said, 'Friend, I am doing you
no wrong. Did you not agree with me for a denarius? Take what is yours
and go your way. I wish to give to this last man the same as to you. Is it
not lawful for me to do what I wish with my own things? Or is your eye
evil because I am good?' So the last will be first, and the first last. For
many are called, but few chosen."64
It never ceases to amaze me when socialists sometimes try to claim that Jesus
was some sort of proto-socialist or Communist. Anyone who is the least bit familiar
with the socialists' attitude toward such matters would know that the typical socialist
response to such a landowner's actions towards his workers would be to scream bloody
murder! Of course, a socialist government's response to such a land owner would be
to exterminate him. Yet here Jesus reinforces the correctness of the libertarian creed
on the absoluteness of lawfully being able to do what one wishes with their own
possessions, as well as being able to freely and voluntarily contract said possessions
64Matthew 20:1-16.
25
as one sees fit-even if doing so greatly upsets others! So long as one has kept one's
word in the contracts in which one has agreed to-and so long as one's actions pertain
to their own property-then the right of the individual to make decisions concerning
their property remains absolute!
10 Greatness Is in Serving
One of the things which most clearly demonstrates just how different Jesus's Kingdom
is to be from the mortal, Earthly kingdoms and governments-and also why we should
be very careful to never confuse the two together-is given in the story of when the
apostles James and John came to Jesus asking if they may have the favor granted to
them of being able to sit on either side of Jesus's throne, one to the right and the
other to His left, and this is how Jesus answered them:
But Jesus called them to Himself and said to them, "You know that those
who are considered rulers over the Gentiles lord it over them, and their
great ones exercise authority over them. Yet it shall not be so among you;
but whoever desires to become great among you shall be your servant.
And whoever of you desires to be first shall be slave of all. For even the
Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a
ransom for many."65
How diametrically opposite the Kingdom of Christ is indeed from that of the mortal,
Earthly governments! Thus, when it is claimed herein that Jesus is an "anarchist"
it needs to be borne in mind that this is in relation to how all mortal governments
on Earth have operated. If one wishes to refer to the "Government of Christ" or the
"Kingdom of Christ" this is fine so long is one realizes that the Government of Christ
will in no sense be an actual government as they exist on Earth and are controlled by
mortals.
It needs to also be pointed out here that above in Mark 10:42 Jesus rebukes the
supposed "authority" of the Earthly "rulers"! Thus He says of them "You know that
those who are consid




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