Message #35 Next Previous
Historic Letter to a private woman property tax assessor
- :D December 15th 2003 A.D.
To the private woman being Lorraine Cheek who publicly acts in PERSONA as a Taxation assessment appraiser LORRAINE CHEEK for the de facto Province of British Columbia
C/o Cariboo Assessment Office
172 Second Avenue North, Suite 302
Williams Lake, British Columbia
Canada, no code no commercial
From: the man a minister of God a non resident non citizen, non corporate non commercial entity
Donald Christopher Carter
Minister, Church of the Ecumenical Redemption International
Cariboo Ecclesia, non-incorporated in the State of Awareness,
4584 Barkerville Hwy, near Quesnel, British Columbia, Canada,
No code non-commercial
Tel: 1-250-992-9092; email, email@example.com
Notice of Estoppel, private Christian common law abatement and a constitution challenge
In reference to your November 19th 2003 A.D. defacto communication and the like communication of your public defacto associate Tom Pringle on April 15th .
of 2003 A.D. I must inform you I cannot open any communication intended for a commercial fictional entity. All capital letters for names as in classified military operations (see "Canadian Style") and postal codes are indications of such entities. Any such communication that was opened by myself or anyone else was opened in error as I am not a legal fiction nor juristic person and cannot communicate with the dead in law or flesh.
A non-reply in rebuttal to this Notice herein after described and provided, will be accepted at the end of 10 working days from the receipt of this notice as your agreement and tacit approval of all facts so herein provided and will indicate your understanding and submission as such in not insulting my faith and my right to practice it.
I am responding in performance of a function of my calling as a minister of God as per the Quotation of Ezekiel 33:6 to warn you of your actions and the consequences of those actions. I do this to you performing a function of my calling as a minister of God. I am under no threat and duress to give you my heart in telling the truth. I am contacting with you so you will respect my right to my faith in your recorded awareness of it. I am under threat and duress to have to go through such great lengths to get a dejure government that is formed under the King James Bible to recognise that fact and to honor their oaths. The lawyers realize that if God's law was to rule they would not be so rich and are in conflict to aid her majesty by providing that true allegiance in defense of the faith as she is bound to.
I hope you will find it comforting that I hold no animosity for your uninformed commercial actions against my non-commercial ministry. I hope your associate appraiser Mr. Pringle holds no historical grudge that would conflict his position. I also hope you will be able to help me get closure and true standing definition on this issue of what the word Grant means. Who said you could tax me as opposed to the Kings George the third's Decree of 1778 that says you cannot? It says we are not to be taxed now or in the future except for commercial reasons. Am I to take it you have assumed I am a commercial entity?
I hope you have not done so, but to be sure I am including an excellent credible dissertation on the matter of my name and why it is so important to my faith in Christ and so you will understand why I cannot relate to nor associate myself with fictions.
I hope you can tell me how the BC government has the right to tax me a minister of God under his law when his law that the Queen defends with all of her power tells me not to pay you tribute.
A grant is a gift and letters patent mean free for livelihood and benefit of all.
Dejure Governments are of God; De Facto governments are of another god.
You, have intent upon assumption and without my consent to creat an agricultural land reserve inclusive of my sovereign property and now seemingly choose to infringe upon my sovereign title by reregistering into residential class one land that was pre-empted for mining and agricultural with a 150 year history of being a farm which it still is today.
This appears as extortion and piracy from a mining, farming point of view and as a graduate of the University of Manitoba Agricultural department and president of the Cariboo Mining association, this appears to be a historically recorded political and or religious persecution. My study of history law and God have produced the most amazing facts, not opinions mind you, but conclusive and accurate facts that do not sit well with government lawyers as they are in a conflict of interest that is exposed by these facts. Your law department will no doubt in gross negligence disregard this notice putting you and your superiors in a compromised civil claim situation via your public service employment act and a neglect to respect my religious rights and beleifs.
I will accept no adulteration of my name or imported power of taxation upon my sovereign land registered in your fictional defacto registry as DL 379,380,426 in the Cariboo mining region, that I may add is owned by people and not dead fictional defacto corporations.
This is an enactment and proclamation still in place in Canada
Colonial Tax Repeal Act (1778) Still in force
it is hereby declared and enacted ... that. from and after the passing of this act. The king and parliament of Great Britain will not impose any duty. tax. or assessment whatever, payable in any of his majesty's colonies ... in North America or the West Indies, except only such duties as it may be expedient to impose for the regulation of commerce:
Filings of Kisikawpimootewin North American Signatory Indian as serviced upon the Governor General of Canada as of January 24" 2002 A.D. et al
I have included a copy of the original Grant that was given and granted forever for your perusal and inspection.
Note that nowhere does it say that the registered owner is an owner subject to De Facto laws and must fill out forms and disclose earnings, livestock improvements on the farm, tillage requirements, hay and or husbandry practices. On the face of my crown grants, gifted and granted forever. How do you tax, alter, fabricate, and rewrite the true face of the title. Should you continue your attack on my sovereign land as such I will hit every newspaper , talk show, radio and international news wire service that I can gain audience I am absolutely outraged by your lack of regard and upon receipt , of this communication, estoppel and abatement, consider yourselves properly noticed.
The following is a definitive proof of the relationship the World Bank has to the government you work for and how it defines it.
These policies were prepared for use by World Bank staff and are not necessarily a complete treatment of the subject.
Dealings with De Facto Governments
Note:This OP 7.30 replaces OP 7.30, dated November 1994. Questions may be addressed to the Chief Counsel, Operations Policy.
1. A "de facto government" comes into, or remains in, power by means not provided for in the country's constitution, such as a coup d'état, revolution, usurpation, abrogation or suspension of the constitution.
What is the Canadian Governor General's position in Government?
Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy. This means Canadians recognize, The Queen as our Head of State. Canada's 26th Governor General, the Right Honourable Adrienne Clarkson, carries out Her Majesty's duties in Canada on a daily basis and is Canada's de facto Head of State.
Like many other democracies, Canada has clearly defined the difference between the Head of State and Head of Government.
Can you, or any oath sworn allegiant, be truly allegiant to a Christian Monarch if you do not believe in upholding the laws she is bound to defend? Are you aware she is bound to uphold the laws of God and defend the Church and clergy with all of her power?
How can you be truly allegiant to her if you refuse to respect and uphold those laws?
I am told not to obey the laws of men that council a division from the ways I am commanded. I am not a dissident of dejure government. I am not an archist, I follow God's law.
1. Jesus Commanded His Followers to Be Anarchists
"Anarchy" comes from two Greek words:
A + archy
(the "n" is added to bridge the two vowels).
"A" means "not" or "without," as in "amoral" (which Christian Anarchists "Archy" means "head" or "ruler."
"Monarchy"means one king rules over all. "Oligarchy"means a small defacto group rules over all.
"Anarchists" believe that no human or group of humans should "rule" over other humans.
Anarchists are those in support and belief in one law as God's law and his commandments.
Sort of sounds like animal farm by George Orwell, Squealer keeps rewriting the laws.
I cannot partake in their affairs as I believe by their actions and my proof that has gone unchallenged that they are imposters.
Is it so hard to conceive you have been lied to?
Your own officials telling you fibs?
Here is a classic example
1. Jesus Commanded His Followers to Be Anarchists
True or false?
Please read the information I am offering you to save you the opportunity of assumption and embarrassment of having to be caught in the middle . Informed is safer than uninformed. We can presume that to be true but not assume it in fact without proof.
Assumptions are perilous things if they infringe on the rights of others.
Your rights as a government employee are defined as applicable to you as a government employee in section 32 of the Canadian Constitution. These rights are not applicable to me as the man and minister of God. My rights are hinted at in the preamble to that document called the Canada Act. "Supremacy of God and the rule of law" Any child will know that once God is declared as Supreme his law is supreme as well. The King James Bible is proof of what God we are under in her majesty's court in defense of the faith. Blasphemy is still against the law in Canada and the fact that so many lawyers have expressed open distain for God and his followers and that they do not believe in a God that we can safely and correctly ask questions of the lawful and truly dejure honorably sanctioned ethical and moral competency of these men and women who have taken de facto power. It seems we are offered no moral standard as to what the country is founded upon. We must show standing , demand it and fight for it.
I must stand to defend my faith in this mater of ecclesiastical jurisdiction for westminster. No secular de facto court has any sanctioned authority to dictate my faith and how I shall practice it. It is forced upon us as men and women of little knowledge of the ways of deceit. We are under threat duress and intimidation by your violation of section 423 of your criminal code and we are not in contractual consent to be intimidated in such dark fashion.
The RCMP seem to be interlocking equities in this conflict of interest of such proportions as to even have their legality questioned as to their lawful jurisdiction in British Columbia by the Recent Bruno Decisions regarding section2 of the criminal code.
Any legal advise from Federal taxation lawyers re: this matter will be in derogation to that decision as they are in a monumental conflict of interest and of a historical prejudicial nature of record towards my family, myself and my livelihood.
This means they have no lawful right to be here! They are a De Facto, outside of God's law commercial for profit and physical enslavement organization in duty to the World Bank and it's owners.
Remember I am not nor is my name commercial or a legal all capital fiction , nor do I allow any alterations of my name for any reason, nor do I use a commercial mailing code.
This is in addition to what has already been sent via registered mail for record of awareness to the minister of your Dept. regarding my beleifs and Religious faith. I am including the following.
I hope you will appreciate because of the topic matter of my faith and my name, brevity is not possible. Please help me and aid me to do my duty, bear with me on this as I hope to gain your co-operation by you becoming aware of the truth. Some of the law is US based, do not discount this material because of that. The international principles are unalterable.
It's all in the NAME
At the Christian Law Fellowship and Assembly, we've been repeatedly requested to publish our accumulated research concerning the use of all or full capitalized letters for proper names; i.e., JOHN JAMES SMITH as commonly substituted for John James Smith in all court documents, Driver's Licenses, bank accounts, Birth Certificates, etc.
Is this some special English grammar rule or style? Is it a contemporary American style of English? Is the use of this form of capitalization recognized by educational authorities? Is this an official judicial or U.S. government rule and/or style of grammar? Why do lawyers, court clerks, prosecutors, judges, insurance companies, banks, and credit card companies always use all capital letters when writing a proper name?
What English grammar experts say
One of the foremost authorities on American English grammar, style, composition, and rules is The Chicago Manual of Style. Their latest 14th Edition, published by the University of Chicago Press, is internationally known and respected as a major contribution to maintaining and improving the standards of written or printed text. We could find no reference in their manual concerning the use of all capitalized letters with a proper name or any other usage. We wrote to the editors and asked this question: The Canadian version is called the Canadian Style and it is produced by the translation bureau of Canada. The treasury board have a dictate that all federal dept's use this as a standard.
Is it acceptable, or is there any rule of English grammar, to allow a proper name to be written in all capital letters? For example, if my name was John Robert Jones, can it be written as JOHN ROBERT JONES? Is there any rule covering this?"
We received the following reply from the Chicago Editorial Staff:
"Writing names in all caps is not conventional; it is not Chicago style to put anything in all caps. For instance, even if 'GONE WITH THE WIND' appears on the title page all in caps, we would properly render it 'Gone with the Wind' in a bibliography. The only reason we can think of to do so is if you are quoting some material where it is important to the narrative to preserve the casing of the letters.
We're not sure in what context you would like your proper name to appear in all caps, but it is likely to be seen as a bit odd."
Yes, it does appear "a bit odd" for governments, their judicial courts, and other legal entities incorporated within their legal jurisdiction to use this method of capitalizing every letter in a proper name.
We then contacted Mary Newton Bruder, Ph.D., also known as The Grammar Lady, who established the Grammar Hotline in the late 1980's for the Coalition of Adult Literacy. We asked her the following:
"Why do federal and state government agencies and departments, judicial and administrative courts, insurance companies, etc., spell a person's proper name in all capital letters? For example, if my name is John Joseph Smith, is it proper at any time to write it as JOHN JOSEPH SMITH?"
Dr. Bruder's reply was short and to the point:
"It must be some kind of internal style. There is no grammar rule about it."
Another fellow researcher, whose report on this subject can be found at AllCapName.html, queried the same question from Cambridge University about capitalization. The reply from them was signed by Colin T. Clarkson:
"I have checked A comprehensive grammar of the English language, by Randolph Quirk... [et al.] (London: Longman, 1985), The Oxford English grammar, by Sidney Greenbaum (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996) and Hart's rules for compositors and readers at the University Press, Oxford, by Horace Hart, 39th edition (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983). I find no grammatical rule which defines a situation in which all the letters of a name or, indeed, of any word should appear as capitals. Rather the use of capitals or small capitals in this way is simply a typographical device used for emphasis, for example of headings or keywords."
So, in addition to there being no American English rule of grammar to spell names in all capitals, there is neither - for those who still believe that Britain rules this country - a British English rule of grammar. The rule which spells our names in all capital letters is outside the rules of grammar.
It seemed that these particular grammatical experts had no idea why proper names were written in all caps, so we began to assemble an extensive collection of reference books authored by various publishers, governments, and legal authorities in order to find the answer.
What English grammar reference books say
Manual on Usage & Style
One of the reference books we obtained was the Manual on Usage & Style, Eighth Edition, ISBN 1-878674-51-X, published by the Texas Law Review in 1995. In Section D, CAPITALIZATION, paragraph D: 1:1 states:
Always capitalize proper nouns…… [Proper nouns], independent of the context in which they are used, refer to specific persons, places, or things (e.g., Dan, Austin, Rolls Royce)."
Paragraph D: 3:2 of Section D states:
"Capitalize People, State, and any other terms used to refer to the government as a litigant (e.g., the People's case, the State's argument), but do not capitalize other words used to refer to litigants (e.g., the plaintiff, defendant Manson)."
It appears that not a single lawyer, judge, or law clerk in Texas has ever read their own recognized law style manual as they continue to write "Plaintiff", "Defendant", "THE STATE OF TEXAS" and proper names of parties in all capital letters on every court document.
The Elements of Style
Another well recognized reference book we obtained was The Elements of Style, Fourth Edition, ISBN 0-205-30902-X, written by William Strunk, Jr. and E.B. White, published by Allyn & Bacon in 1999. Within this renowned English grammar and style reference book, we found only one reference to capitalization located within the Glossary at proper noun, page 94, where it states:
"The name of a particular person (Frank Sinatra), place (Boston), or thing (Moby Dick). Proper nouns are capitalized."
There's an obvious and legally evident difference between capitalizing the first letter of a formal name as compared to capitalizing the entire name.
The American Heritage Book of English Usage
In The American Heritage Book of English Usage, A Practical and Authoritative Guide to Contemporary English, published in 1996, at Chapter 9, E-Mail, Conventions and Quirks, Informality, they state:
To give a message special emphasis, an E-mailer may write entirely in capital letters, a device E-mailers refer to as screaming. Some of these visual conventions have emerged as a way of getting around the constraints on data transmission that now limit many networks".
Here is a reference source, within contemporary - modern - English, that states it's of an informal manner to write every word of - specifically - an electronic message, a.k.a. E-mail, in capital letters. They say it's "screaming" to do so. By standard definition, we presume that's the same as shouting or yelling. Are all judges, their court clerks and lawyers shouting at us when they print our proper names in this manner? Is the insurance company screaming at us for paying the increased premium on our policy? This is doubtful as to any standard generalization, even though specific individual instances may prove this to be true. We can, however, safely conclude that it would also be informal to write a proper name in the same way.
Does this also imply that those in the legal profession are writing our Christian names informally on court documents? Aren't attorneys and the courts supposed to be specific, whereas they formally write their legal documents within the "letter of the law"?
New Oxford Dictionary of English
The New Oxford Dictionary of English is published by the Oxford University Press, 1998. Besides being considered the foremost authority on the British English language, this dictionary is also designed to reflect the way language is used today through example sentences and phrases. We submit the following definitions:
Proper noun (also proper name). Noun. A name used for an individual person, place, or organization, spelled with an initial capital letter, e.g. Jane, London, and Oxfam.
Name. Noun 1 A word or set of words by which a person, animal, place, or thing is known, addressed, or referred to: my name is Parsons, John Parsons. Kalkwasser is the German name for limewater. Verb 3 Identify by name; give the correct name for: the dead man has been named as John Mackintosh. Phrases. 2 In the name of. Bearing or using the name of a specified person or organization: a driving licence in the name of William Sanders.
From the Newbury House Dictionary of American English, published by Monroe Allen Publishers, Inc., 1999:
name n. 1 [C] a word by which a person, place, or thing is known: Her name is Diane Daniel.
We can find absolutely no example in any recognized reference book that specifies or allows the use of all capitalized names, proper or common. Is there any doubt that a proper name is written with the first letter capitalized, followed by lower case letters?
Canadian Style Manual
Department of the Secretary of State. The Canadian Style: A Guide to Writing and Editing. The official Canadian guide to picky details like abbreviation, hyphenation, capitalization.
I will include this for those who require it. This is the only designation for All Capital letters for a name in the Canadian government's own form! Am I part of a military a secret operation?
4.13 Capitalization - Military terms
Capitalize the names and nicknames of military bases, forces and units of all sizes and of exercises:
the Canadian Forces 450 Helicopter Squadron
Mobile Command Exercise RAPIER THRUST
Canadian Forces Base Trenton the Blue Berets
In Department of National Defense documents, the specific part of an exercise name is written entirely in upper case, e.g. Exercise SILENT DEFENDER.
Use the lower case for general and informal references:
the Fifth Army
U.S. Government Style Manual
Is the spelling and usage of a proper name defined officially by U.S. government? Yes. The United States Government Printing Office in their Style Manual, March 1984 edition (the most recent edition published as of March 2000), provides comprehensive grammar, style and usage for all government publications, including court and legal writing.
Chapter 3, Capitalization, at §§ 3.2, prescribes rules for proper names:
"Proper names are capitalized…… [Examples given are] Rome, Brussels, John Macadam, Macadam family, Italy, Anglo-Saxon."
At Chapter 17, Courtwork, the rules of capitalization, as mentioned in Chapter 3, are further reiterated:
17.1. Court work differs in style from other work only as set forth in this section; otherwise the style prescribed in the preceding sections will be followed" [bold emphasis added].
After entirely reading §§ 17, we found no other references that would change the grammatical rules and styles specified in Chapter 3 pertaining to capitalization.
At §§ 17.9, this same official U.S. government manual states:
"In the titles of cases the first letter of all principal words are capitalized, but not such terms as defendant and appellee."
This wholly agrees with Texas Law Review's Manual on Usage & Style as referenced above.
Examples shown in §§ 17.12 are also consistent with the aforementioned §§ 17.9 specification: that is, all proper names are to be spelled with capital first letters; the balance of each spelled with lower case letters.
Grammar, Punctuation, and Capitalization
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has publish one of the most concise U.S. Government resources on capitalization. NASA publication SP-7084, Grammar, Punctuation, and Capitalization, A Handbook for Technical Writers and Editors, was compiled and written by the NASA Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia. At Chapter 4. Capitalization, they state in 4.1 Introduction:
"First we should define terms used when discussing capitalization:
Full caps means that every letter in an expression is capital, LIKE THIS.
Caps and small caps refers to a particular font of type containing small capital letters Elements in a document such as headings, titles, and captions may be capitalized in either sentence style or headline style:
Sentence style calls for capitalization of the first letter, and proper nouns of course.
Headline style calls for capitalization of all principal words (also called caps & lc).
Modern publishers tend toward a down style of capitalization, that is, toward use of fewer capitals, rather than an up style."
Here we see that in headlines, titles, captions, and in sentences, there is no authorized usage of full caps. At 4.4.1. Capitalization With Acronyms, we find the first authoritative use for full caps:
"Acronyms are always formed with capital letters. Acronyms are often coined for a particular program or study and therefore require definition. The letters of the acronym are not capitalized in the definition unless the acronym stands for a proper name:
Could this apply to lawful proper Christian names? If that were true, then JOHN SMITH would have to follow a definition of some sort, which it does not. For example, only if JOHN SMITH were defined as ''John Orley Holistic Nutrition of the Smith Medical Institute To Holistics (JOHN SMITH)'' would this apply.
The most significant section appears at 4.5.3. Administrative Names:
Official designations of political divisions and of other organized bodies are capitalized:
Names of political divisions Canada New York State United States Northwest Territories Virgin Islands Ontario Province Names of governmental units U.S. Government Executive Department U.S. Congress U.S. Army U.S. Navy
According to this official U.S. Government publication, the States are never to be spelled in full caps such as NEW YORK STATE. The proper English grammar style is New York State. This agrees, once again, with Texas Law Review's Manual on Usage & Style.
The Use of a Legal Fiction
The Real Life Dictionary of the Law
We refer to The Real Life Dictionary of the Law. The authors, Gerald and Kathleen Hill, are accomplished scholars and writers. Gerald Hill is an experienced attorney, judge, and law instructor. Here is how the term legal fiction is described:
"Legal fiction. n. A presumption of fact assumed by a court for convenience, consistency or to achieve justice. There is an old adage: ''Fictions arise from the law, and not law from fictions.'' "
Oran's Dictionary of the Law
From Oran's Dictionary of the Law, published by the West Group 1999, within the definition of Fiction is found:
"A legal fiction is an assumption that something that is (or may be) false or nonexistent is true or real. Legal fictions are assumed or invented to help do justice. For example, bringing a lawsuit to throw a nonexistent "John Doe" off your property used to be the only way to establish a clear right to the property when legal title was uncertain."
Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of Law
Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of Law 1996 states:
Legal fiction : something assumed in law to be fact irrespective of the truth or accuracy of that assumption. Example: the legal fiction that a day has no fractions-Fields v. Fairbanks North Star Borough, 818 P.2d 658 (1991)."
This is the reason behind the use of full caps when writing a proper name. The U.S. and State Governments are deliberately using a legal fiction to "address" the Lawful Christian. We say this is deliberate because their own official publications state that proper names are not to be written in full caps. They are deliberately not following their own recognized authorities.
In the same respect, by identifying their own government entity in full caps, they are legally stating that they are also a legal fiction. As stated by Dr. Mary Newton Bruder in the beginning of this report, the use of full caps for writing a proper name is an "internal style" for what is apparently a pre-determined usage and, at this point, unknown jurisdiction.
The main key to a legal fiction is assumption as noted in each definition above.
Conclusion: There are no official or unofficial English grammar style manuals or reference publications that recognize the use of full caps when writing a proper name. To do so is considered a legal fiction.
The Assumption of a Legal Fiction
An important issue concerning this entire matter is whether or not a legal fiction, such as a proper name written in full caps, can be substituted for a lawful Christian name or any proper name, such as the State of Florida. Is the use of a legal fiction "legal"? If so, from where does this legal fiction originate and what enforces it?
A legal fiction can be used when the name of a "person" is not known by using the fictional name "John Doe". This is understood by all and needs little explanation. If you have no way to identify someone, then the legal fiction John Doe or Jane Doe is used to describe an unknown name until the proper name can be identified.
In all cases, a legal fiction is an assumption of purported fact without having shown the fact to be true or valid. It's an acceptance with no proof. Simply, to assume is to pretend. Oran's Dictionary of the Law says that the word assume means:
1. To take up or take responsibility for; to receive; to undertake. See assumption.
2. To pretend.
3. To accept without proof.
These same basic definitions are used by nearly all of the modern law dictionaries. It should be noted that there is a difference between the meanings of the second and third definitions with that of the first. Pretending and accepting without proof are of the same understanding and meaning. However, to take responsibility for and receive, or assumption, does not have the same meaning. Oran's defines assumption as:
"Formally transforming someone else's debt into your own debt. Compare with guaranty. The assumption of a mortgage usually involves taking over the seller's ''mortgage debt'' when buying a property (often a house)."
Now, what happens if all the meanings for the word assume are combined? In a literal and definitive sense, the meaning of assume would be: The pretended acceptance, without proof, that someone has taken responsibility for, has guaranteed, or has received a debt.
Therefore, if we apply all this in defining a legal fiction, the use of a legal fiction is an assumption or pretension that the legal fiction named has received and is responsible for a debt of some sort.
Use of the legal fiction JOHN SMITH in place of the proper name John Smith implies an assumed debt guarantee without any offer of proof. The danger behind this is that if such an unproven assumption is made, then unless the assumption is proven wrong, it is considered valid.
Please go no further until you understand and comprehend exactly what the above paragraphs have stated. If necessary, re-read the above until you have a full understanding of what is involved in the meaning of a legal fiction.
An assumed debt is valid unless proven otherwise. This is in accord with the Uniform Commercial Code valid in every member country to the Organization of the American States (OAS)and made a part of the Statutes in each State.(PPSA) A legal fiction written with full caps - resembling a proper name but grammatically not a proper name - is being held as a debtor for an assumed debt.
What happens if the proper name, i.e. John Doe, answers for or assumes the legal fiction, i.e. JOHN DOE? They become one and the same. This is the crux for the use of the full caps legal fictions by the Canadian , U.S. Government and the States. It is the way that they can bring someone into their fictional venue and jurisdiction that they have created. By implication of definition, this also is for the purpose of some manner of assumed debt.
Why won't they use "The province of British Columbia" or "John Doe" in their courts or on Driver's Licenses? What stops them from doing this? Obviously, there is a reason for using legal fictions since they are very capable of writing proper names just as their own official style manual states. The reason behind legal fictions is found within the definitions as cited above. At this point, this should be very clear to every reader.
The Legalities Behind Legal Fictions
We could go on for hundreds of pages literally, but not to bore you or insult you, citing the legal basis behind the creation of legal fictions. In a nutshell, a legal fiction in and of itself, such as the PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA , can create additional legal fictions. Fictions arise from the law, not the law from fictions. R.Vs Staufen BCSC 2000, Take a moment to understand what that means. Legal fictions originate from any law that is used to create them, regardless of the fact that the purported foundational law is valid or not. However, a law can never originate from a fictional foundation that doesn't exist.
The generic and original U.S. Constitution is a valid foundation document of treaty law having been created between the individual state nations. Contained within it is the required due process of law for all the participating nation states of that treaty. Proper representatives of the people in each nation state agreed upon it and signed it with their lawful seals. The federal government is not only created by it, but is also bound to operate within the guidelines of Constitutional due process. Any law that originates from the Constitutional due process is valid law. Any purported law that does not originate from it is a fictional law without validity. Thus, the true test of any American law is its basis of due process according to the generic U.S. Constitution. Was it created according to the lawful process or outside of lawful process based on that constitutional treaty?
Executive Orders and Directives
For years we have researched the lawful basis for creating full caps legal fictions and have concluded that there is no such foundation according to valid laws and due process. But what about those purported "laws" that are not valid and have not originated from constitutional due process? There's a very simple answer to the creation of such purported laws that are really not laws at all: Executive Orders and Directives. They are the "color of law" without being valid laws of due process. They have the appearance of law and look as if they're laws, but according to due process, they are not laws. Rather, they are "laws" based on fictional beginnings and are the basis for further fictional "laws" and other legal fictions. They are "regulated" and "promulgated" by Administrative Code, rules and procedures, not due process. Currently, Executive Orders are enforced through the legal fiction known as the federal Administrative Procedures Act. Each State has also adopted the same fictional administrative "laws".
Lincoln Establishes Ego's
Eighty-five years after the Independence of the united States, seven southern nation States of America walked out of the Second Session of the thirty-sixth Congress on March 27, 1861. In so doing, the Constitutional due process quorum necessary for Congress to vote was lost and Congress was adjourned sine die, or "without day". This meant that there was no lawful quorum to set a specific day and time to reconvene which, according to Robert's Rules of Order, dissolved Congress. This dissolution automatically took place because there were no provisions within the Constitution allowing the passage of any Congressional vote without a quorum of the States.
Lincoln's second Executive Order of April 1861 called Congress back into session days later, but not under the lawful authority, or lawful due process, of the Constitution. Solely in his capacity as Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. Military, Lincoln called Congress into session under authority of Martial Law. Since April of 1861, "Congress" has not met based on lawful due process. Our current "Congress" is based on legal fiction no different than a proper name written in full caps is.
Legal fiction "laws", such as the Reconstruction Acts and the implementation of the Lieber Code, were soon instituted by Lincoln and thus became the basis for our current "laws". Every purported "Act" in effect today is based on legal fiction, not lawful due process. Lincoln has been called the greatest American Lawyer and his ingenious legal rule of America enforces such a title.
Same thing Happened in Canada in 1914 with the war measures act, It is still running in force today under the code name "SILENT DEFENDER"
The abolition of the English & American common law
Here's an interesting quote from the 1973 session of the U.S. Supreme Court:
The American law. In this country, the law in effect in all but a few States until mid-19th century was the pre-existing English common law... It was not until after the War Between the States that legislation began generally to replace the common law."-Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113.
In effect, Lincoln's second Executive Order abolished the recognized English common law in America and replaced it with "laws" based on a fictional legal foundation, i.e., Executive Orders and Directives. Most States still have a reference to the common laws within their present day statutes. For example, in the Florida Statutes (1999), Title I, Chapter 2, at §§ 2.01 Common law and certain statutes declared in force, it states:
"The common and statute laws of England which are of a general and not a local nature, with the exception hereinafter mentioned, down to the 4th day of July, 1776, are declared to be of force in this state; provided, the said statutes and common law be not inconsistent with the Constitution and laws of the United States and the acts of the Legislature of this state. History.-s. 1, Nov. 6, 1829; RS 59; GS 59; RGS 71; CGL 87."
Note that the basis of the common law is an approved act of the people of Florida by resolution on November 6, 1829, prior to Lincoln's Civil War. Also note that the subsequent "laws", as a result of acts of the Florida Legislature and the United States, now take priority over the common law in Florida. Since April 1861, the American and English common law was abolished and replaced with legal fiction "laws", a.k.a. Statutes, Rules and Codes, based on Executive Order, not the due process specified within the generic Constitution.
Applying it all to Current "laws"
Title III, Pleadings and Motions, Rule 9(a) Capacity, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, states:
"When an issue is raised as to the legal existence of a named party, or the party's capacity to be sued, or the authority of a party to be sued, the party desiring to raise the issue shall do so by specific negative averment, which shall include supporting particulars." [Bold emphasis added].
At this juncture, it's clear that the existence of a name written with full caps is a legal fiction. This is surely an issue to be raised and the supporting particulars are outlined within this article. Use of the proper name must be insisted upon as a matter of abatement - correction - for all parties of an action of purported "law". However, the current "courts" cannot correct this since they are based on fictional law and must use fictional names. Instead, they expect the lawful Christian man or woman to accept their full caps name and become a fictional entity, just as they are.
Do the individual States within the United States follow suit? The requirement of proper names, including a mandate for correction when proper names are provided, is clearly set forth when relating to criminal prosecution in the Oklahoma Statutes, Chapter 22, §§ 403:
When a defendant is indicted or prosecuted by a fictitious or erroneous name, and in any stage of the proceedings his true name is discovered, it must be inserted in the subsequent proceedings, referring to the fact of his being charged by the name mentioned in the indictment or information." [Bold emphasis added].
In general, it's necessary to properly identify parties to court actions. If not properly identified, then judgments are void, as outlined in Volume 46, American Jurisprudence 2d, at Judgments:
100 Parties - A judgment should identify the parties for and against whom it is rendered, with such certainty that it may be readily enforced, and a judgment which does not do so may be regarded as void for uncertainty. Such identification may be achieved by naming the persons for and against whom the judgment is rendered. Technical deficiencies in the naming of the persons for and against whom judgment is rendered can be corrected if the parties are not prejudiced. A reference in a judgment to a party plainly liable, followed by an omission of that party's name from the language of the decree, at least gives rise to an ambiguity and calling for an inquiry into the court's real intention as reflected in the entire record and surrounding circumstances." [Footnote numbers are omitted; cites have not been reproduced; bold emphasis added]
The present situation in North America
A legal person = a legal fiction
One of the terms used predominantly by the present civil governments and courts in America is legal person. According to them, just what is a legal person? We offer some definitions for your review:
legal person : a body of persons or an entity (as a corporation) considered as having many of the rights and responsibilities of a natural person and esp. the capacity to sue and be sued.-Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of Law 1996.
Person. 1. A human being (see below interpretation) (a "natural" person). 2. A corporation (an "artificial" person). Corporations are treated as persons in many legal situations. Also, the word "person" includes corporations in most definitions in this dictionary. 3. Any other "being" entitled to sue as a legal entity (a government, an association, a group of Trustees, etc.). 4. The plural of person is persons, not people (see that word).-Oran's Dictionary of the Law, West Group 1999.
Person. An entity with legal rights and existence including the ability to sue and be sued, to sign contracts, to receive gifts, to appear in court either by themselves or by lawyer and, generally, other powers incidental to the full expression of the entity in law. Individuals are "persons" in law unless they are minors or under some kind of other incapacity such as a court finding of mental incapacity. Many laws give certain powers to "persons" which, in almost all instances, includes business organizations that have been formally registered such as partnerships, corporations or associations.-Durham's Law Dictionary.
PERSON, noun. per'son. [Latin persona; said to be compounded of per, through or by, and sonus, sound; a Latin word signifying primarily a mask used by actors on the stage.] -- Webster's 1828 Dictionary.
A person is basically an entity - legal fiction - of some kind that has been legally created and has the legal capacity to be sued. Isn't it odd that the word lawful is not used within these definitions?
Am I to be assumed as an entity?
The Canadian Bank Act Define entity as this:
"entity" means a body corporate, trust, partnership, fund, an unincorporated
association or organization, Her Majesty in right of Canada or of a province, an
agency of Her Majesty in either of such rights and the government of a foreign
country or any political subdivision thereof and any agency thereof;
"I do not see myself as the man and minister of God or any of my brethren in there as applicable".
Debt as you see below from the "Bank Act" is directly inextricably tied to an entity
"debt obligation" means a bond, debenture, note or other evidence of
indebtedness of an entity, whether secured or unsecured;
"Canadian entity" means an entity that is incorporated or formed by or under an
Act of Parliament or of the legislature of a province and that carries on
business, directly or indirectly, in Canada;
The Economic Measures Act defines Canadian so we will not get confused
"Canadian" " Canadien " "Canadian" means a person who is a citizen within the meaning of the Citizenship Act or a body corporate incorporated or continued by or under the laws of Canada or of a province;
"entity" " entitle " "entity" means a body corporate, trust, partnership, fund, an unincorporated association or organization or a foreign state;I am not any of the above descriptions as I am created by God and am flesh in his likeness. You have seen your own law provide you proof you have no jurisdiction over me as Gods minister his creation as a man.And for a definition of what constitutes Canada and it's jurisdiction we will go to what authorities is held highly in the governments esteem as to what borders this so called jurisdiction has.The Surveyor General of Canada has been so gracious to provide us this information, for your use you under stand.Canada Lands Surveys Act PART II SURVEYS OF CANADA LANDS GeneralDefinition of "Canada Lands" 24. (1) In this Part, "Canada Lands" means(a) any lands belonging to Her Majesty in right of Canada or of which the Government of Canada has power to dispose that are situated in Yukon, the Northwest Territories, Nunavut or in any National Park of Canada and any lands that are( Notice no provinces)(i) surrendered lands or a reserve, as defined in the Indian Act,(ii) Category IA land or Category IA-N land, as defined in the Cree-Naskapi (of Quebec) Act, chapter 18 of the Statutes of Canada, 1984,(iii) Sechelt lands, as defined in the Sechelt Indian Band Self-Government Act, chapter 27 of the Statutes of Canada, 1986,(iv) settlement land, as defined in the Yukon First Nations Self-Government Act, and lands in which an interest is transferred or recognized under section 21 of that Act, or(v) lands in the Kanesatake Mohawk interim land base, as defined in the Kanesatake Interim Land Base Governance Act, other than the lands known as Doncaster Reserve No. 17; and(b) any lands under water belonging to Her Majesty in right of Canada or in respect of any rights in which the Government of Canada has power to dispose.
Surveys of Canada Lands (2) Surveys of Canada Lands shall be made in accordance with the instructions of the Surveyor General.R.S., 1985, c. L-6, s. 24; R.S., 1985, c. 20 (2nd Supp.), s. 4; 1993, c. 28, s. 78; 1994, c. 35, s. 35; 1998, c. 14, ss. 98(F), 100(F); 2000, c. 32, s. 49; 2001, c. 8, s. 24; 2002, c. 7, s. 101.Constitutor: In the civil law, one who, by simple agreement, becomes responsible for the payment of another's debt. (Blacks Law Dictionary 6th Ed.)Are you a constitutor?Do you really wish to be paying someone else's debt?
Legal or Lawful?
We feel that it's quite necessary to also define what is legal as opposed with what is lawful. The generic Constitution is contractual bearing in mind the meaning of the word constitutor. That fact has already been established. The present civil authorities and their courts prefer to use the word legal. Is there a difference in the meanings? The following is quoted from A Dictionary of Law 1893:
Lawful. In accordance with the law of the land; according to the law; permitted, sanctioned, or justified by law. "Lawful" properly implies a thing conformable to or enjoined by law; "Legal", a thing in the form or after the manner of law or binding by law. A writ or warrant issuing from any court, under color of law, is a "legal" process however defective. See legal. [Bold emphasis added]
Legal. Latin legalis. Pertaining to the understanding, the exposition, the administration, the science and the practice of law: as, the legal profession, legal advice; legal blanks, newspaper. Implied or imputed in law. Opposed to actual. "Legal" looks more to the letter, and "Lawful" to the spirit, of the law. "Legal" is more appropriate for conformity to positive rules of law; "Lawful" for accord with ethical principle. "Legal" imports rather that the forms of law are observed, that the proceeding is correct in method, that rules prescribed have been obeyed; "Lawful" that the right is actful in substance, that moral quality is secured. "Legal" is the antithesis of "equitable", and the equivalent of "constructive". 2 Abbott's Law Dict. 24. [Bold emphasis added]
Legal matters administrate, conform to, and follow rules. They are equitable in nature and are implied rather than actual. A legal process can be defective in law. This falls in line with our previous discussions of legal fictions and the color of law. To be legal, a matter does not follow the law. Instead, it conforms to and follows the rules of law. This may help your understanding as to why the Federal and State Rules of Civil & Criminal Procedure are cited in every court petition so as to conform to legal requirements of the legal fictions, i.e., the STATE OF GEORGIA or the U.S. FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, that rule the courts.
Lawful matters are ethically enjoined in the law of the land - the law of the people-and are actual in nature, not implied. This is why the lawful generic Constitution has little bearing or authority in the present day legal courts.
Executive Orders rule the land
The current situation is now this: Legalism has taken over the law. The administration of legal rules, codes, and statutes are now being substituted for actual law. This takes place on a Federal as well as State level. Government administrates what it has created through its own purported "laws", which are not lawful, but purely legal. They are legal fictions based on legally - fictionally - created authority. They are authorized and enforced by legal Executive Orders. Executive Orders are not lawful and never have been. As you read the following, be aware of the words code and administration.
For example, let's take a quick look at the United States Census 2000. The legal authority for this census comes from Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Approval No. 0607-0856. The OMB is a part of the Executive Office of the President of the United States. The U.S. Census Bureau is responsible for implementing the national census, which is a division of the Economics and Statistics Administration of the U.S. Department of Commerce (USDOC). The USDOC is a department of the Executive Branch. Obviously, Census 2000 is authorized, carried out, controlled, enforced and implemented by the President, a.k.a. the Executive Branch of the Federal Government.
In fact, the Executive Office of the President controls the entire nation through various departments and agencies effecting justice, communications, health, energy, transportation, education, defense, treasury, labor, agriculture, mails, and much more, through a myriad of Executive Orders, Proclamations, Policies, and Decisions.
All the U.S. Presidents since Lincoln have claimed their "authority" for these Executive Orders is generally based on Article II, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution:
"The President shall be commander in chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the militia of the several states, when called into the actual service of the United States; ……He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to make treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other officers of the United States, whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law: but the Congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of departments."
In reality, the Congress is completely by-passed. Since the Senate was convened in April 1861 by Presidential Executive Order No. 2, not by lawful constitutional due process, the current Senate is also under the direct authority of the Executive Office of the President. The President legally needs neither the consent nor a vote from the Senate simply because the Senate's legal authority to meet exists only by Executive Order. Ambassadors, public ministers, consuls, Federal judges, and all officers of the UNITED STATES are appointed by, and under authority of, the Executive Office of the President.
The Federal Registry is an Executive function
For the past 65 years, every Presidential Executive Order has become purported "law" simply by its publication in the Federal Registry, which is operated by the Office of the Federal Register (OFR). In 1935, the OFR was established by the Federal Register Act. The purported authority for the OFR is found within the United States Code, Title 44, at Chapter 15:
1506. Administrative Committee of the Federal Register; establishment and composition; powers and duties
The Administrative Committee of the Federal Register shall consist of the Archivist of the United States or Acting Archivist, who shall be chairman, an officer of the Department of Justice designated by the Attorney General, and the Public Printer or Acting Public Printer. The Director of the Federal Register shall act as secretary of the committee. The committee shall prescribe, with the approval of the President, regulations for carrying out this chapter."
Notice that the entire Administrative Committee of the Federal Register is comprised of officers of the Federal Government. Who appoints all Federal officers? The President does. This act also gives the President the authority to decree all the regulations to carry out the act. This is quite a monopoly we're seeing here whereby the Executive establishes, controls, regulates and enforces the Federal Government without need for any approval from the Senate. How could anyone possibly call this lawful?
In 1917, President Woodrow Wilson couldn't persuade Congress to agree with his desire to arm United States vessels utilizing hostile German waters before the United States entered World War I. So, Wilson simply invoked the "policy" through a Presidential Executive Order. President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued Executive Order No. 9066 in December 1941. His order forced 100,000 Americans of Japanese descent to be rounded up and placed in concentration camps while all their property was confiscated.
Is it any wonder that the Congress he legally controls did not impeach President William Jefferson Clinton when the evidence for impeachment was overwhelming? On that note, why is it that the lawyer-Presidents have used Executive Orders the most? Who but a lawyer would know and understand legal rules the best. Sadly, they enforce what's legal and ignore what's lawful.
They have done exactly the same thing in Canada! William Lyons MacKenzie King Wrote his own letters patent for a Governor General in contempt in 1947 when the King refused.
From the Land Canada Surveyor Act defining where Canada is and where it has jurisdiction. You will see that the provinces are not included!
Canada Lands Surveys Act
PART II SURVEYS OF CANADA LANDS
Definition of "Canada Lands" 24. (1) In this Part, "Canada Lands" means(a) any lands belonging to Her Majesty in right of Canada or of which the Government of Canada has power to dispose that are situated in Yukon, the Northwest Territories, Nunavut or in any National Park of Canada and any lands that are ,(notice no Provinces)(i) surrendered lands or a reserve, as defined in the Indian Act,(ii) Category IA land or Category IA-N land, as defined in the Cree-Naskapi (of Quebec) Act, chapter 18 of the Statutes of Canada, 1984,(iii) Sechelt lands, as defined in the Sechelt Indian Band Self-Government Act, chapter 27 of the Statutes of Canada, 1986,(iv) settlement land, as defined in the Yukon First Nations Self-Government Act, and lands in which an interest is transferred or recognized under section 21 of that Act, or(v) lands in the Kanesatake Mohawk interim land base, as defined in the Kanesatake Interim Land Base Governance Act, other than the lands known as Doncaster Reserve No. 17; and(b) any lands under water belonging to Her Majesty in right of Canada or in respect of any rights in which the Government of Canada has power to dispose.
Surveys of Canada Lands (2) Surveys of Canada Lands shall be made in accordance with the instructions of the Surveyor General.
Definition of a Canadian
From the "Canadian Economic Measures Act""Canadian" means a person who is a citizen within the meaning of the Citizenship Act or a body corporate incorporated or continued by or under the laws of Canada or of a province;
""entity" means a body corporate, trust, partnership, fund, an unincorporated association or organization or a foreign state;
"foreign state" means a country other than Canada, and includes(a) any political subdivision of a foreign state,(b) the government, and any department, of a foreign state or of a political subdivision thereof, and(c) any agency of a foreign state or of a political subdivision thereof;
"national", in relation to a foreign state, means an individual who possesses the nationality of that state as determined in accordance with the laws of that state or a body corporate incorporated or continued by or under the laws of that state;
"person" means an individual(what) or an entity;
"property" means any real or personal property;From the Bank Act"Canadian entity" " entité canadienne ""Canadian entity" means an entity that is incorporated or formed by or under an Act of Parliament or of the legislature of a province and that carries on business, directly or indirectly, in Canada; "debt obligation" means a bond, debenture, note or other evidence of indebtedness of an entity, whether secured or unsecured;
How debt is assumed by legal fictions
We now refer back to the matter of assumption, as already discussed, with its relationship to legal fictions, i.e. THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA. Since an assumption, by definition, implies debt, what debt does a legal fiction assume? Now that we've explored the legal - executive - basis of the current Federal and State governments, it's time to put all of this together.
The government use of full caps in place of proper names is absolutely no mistake. It signifies an internal - legal - rule and authority. Its foundation is legal fiction such as the RCMP playscript style of writing regarding all alleged accused as being "actors" ergo "persons" and the result is further legal fiction that is created, promulgated, instituted, administrated, and enforced via legal rule, code, statute and policy. Let's just call them ''the laws that are but never were.''
Qui sentit commodum, sentire debet et onus. He who enjoys the benefit, ought also to bear the burden. He who enjoys the advantage of a right takes the accompanying disadvantage-a privilege is subject to its condition or conditions.-Bouvier's Maxims of Law 1856.
The Birth Certificate
Since the early 1960's, State and provincial governments in Canada - created legal fictions signified by full caps - have issued birth certificates to "persons" with legal fiction full caps names. This is not a lawful record of your physical birth, but a legal fiction as signified by the use of the full caps. It may look as if it's your proper name, but that's impossible since no proper name is ever written in full caps. The Birth Certificate is the government's created legal instrument for its legal title of ownership, or deed, to the personal legal fiction they have created just for you.
One important area to address, before going any further, is the governmental use of older data storage from the late 1950''s until the early 1980''s. As a "leftover" from various Teletype oriented systems, many government data storage methods used full caps for proper names. The IRS was supposedly still complaining about some of their antiquated storage systems as recent as the early 1980''s. At first, this may have been a necessity of the technology at the time, not a deliberate act. Perhaps, when this technology was first being used and implemented into the mainstream of communications, some legal experts saw it as a perfect tool for their legal fictions. What better excuse could there be?
However, since local, State and Federal offices primarily used typewriters during that same time period, and Birth Certificates and other important documents, such as Driver's Licenses, were produced with typewriters, it's very doubtful that this poses much of an excuse to explain full caps usage for proper names. The only reasonable usage of the older databank full caps storage systems would have been for addressing envelopes or certain forms in bulk, including payment checks, which the governments did frequently.
Automated computer systems, with daisy wheel and pin printers used prevalently in the early 1980''s, emulated the IBM electric typewriter Courier or Helvetica fonts in both upper and lower case letters. Shortly thereafter, the introduction of laser and ink jet printers with multiple fonts became the standard. For the past fifteen years, there is no excuse that the government computers won't allow the use of lower case letters unless the older data is still stored in its original form, i.e. full caps, and has not been translated due to the costs of re-entry. But this does not excuse the entry of new data, only "legacy" data. In fact, on many government forms today, proper names are in full caps while other areas of the same computer produced document are in both upper and lower case. One can only conclude that now, more than ever, the use of full caps in substitution the writing a proper name is no mistake.
When a child is born, the hospital sends the original, not a copy, of the record of live birth to the provincial bureau of Vital Statistics, sometimes called the Ministry of health and welfare (HRS). Each Province/ STATE is required by international unilateral accords to supply the UN with birth, death, and health statistics. The Provincial /STATE agency that receives the original record of live birth keeps it and then issues a Birth Certificate in the name of the child's fictional person, as signified in full caps, i.e. JAMES SMITH.
cerq·tifq·iq·cate, noun. Middle English certificat, from Middle French, from Medieval Latin certificatum, from Late Latin, neuter of certificatus, past participle of certificare, to certify, 15th century. 3: a document evidencing ownership or debt.-Merriam Webster Dictionary 1998.
The Birth Certificate issued by the Province/State is then registered with the provincial treasury and revenue then the Canadian/U.S. Department of Treasury/Commerce - the Executive Office - specifically through their own sub-agency, the Canadian/U.S. Census Bureau, who is responsible to register vital statistics from all the Province/ States as part of It's UN fiduciary commercially bound obligations. The word registered, as it is used within commercial or legal based equity law, does not mean that the full caps name was merely noted in a book for reference purposes. When a record of a live birth and subsequent birth certificate is applied for and is registered with the Canadian Treasury /U.S. Department of Commerce via that application, it means that the legal person named on it in full caps has become a surety or guarantor.
registered. Security, bond.-Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of Law 1996. Security. 1a: Something (as a mortgage or collateral) that is provided to make certain the fulfillment of an obligation. Example: used his property as security for a loan. 1b: "surety". 2: Evidence of in