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The rest of the Lorraine Cheek Letter on hamilton indymedia
The rest of the Lorraine Cheek Letter on hamilton indymedia
of indebtedness, ownership, or the right to ownership.-Ibid. Bond. 1a: A usually formal written agreement by which a person undertakes to perform a certain act (as fulfill the obligations of a contract) ...with the condition that failure to perform or abstain will obligate the person ...to pay a sum of money or will result in the forfeiture of money put up by the person or surety. 1b: One who acts as a surety. 2: An interest-bearing document giving evidence of a debt issued by a government body or corporation that is sometimes secured by a lien on property and is often designed to take care of a particular financial need.-Ibid. Surety. The person who has pledged him or herself to pay back money or perform a certain action if the principal to a contract fails, as collateral, and as part of the original contract.-Duhaime's Law Dictionary. 1: a formal engagement (as a pledge) given for the fulfillment of an undertaking. 2: one who promises to answer for the debt or default of another. Under the Uniform Commercial Code, however, a surety includes a guarantor, and the two terms are generally interchangeable.-Merriam Webster's Dictionary of Law 1996. Guarantor. A person who pledges collateral for the contract of another, but separately, as part of an independently contract with the obligee of the original contract.-Duhaime's Law Dictionary.
It's not difficult to see that a State created birth certificate, written with full caps in the name of a legal person, is a document evidencing debt the moment it's issued. This is how it works: Once each State has registered the Birth Certificates with the Canada/U.S. Department of Commerce, the U.S. Department of the Treasury - also a part of the Executive Office - then issues Treasury Securities in the form of Treasury Bonds, Notes, and Bills using the birth certificates as sureties or guarantors for these purported Securities. This is based on the future tax revenues of the legal person. This means that the bankrupt corporate Canada/U.S. can guarantee to the purchasers of their securities the lifetime labor and tax revenues of all Americans as collateral for payment. They simply do this by converting the lawful name into a legal person.
Legally, you are considered a slave or indentured servant to the various Federal, provincial/State and local governments via your Provincial/ STATE issued and created Birth Certificate in the name of your full caps person. The reason this Birth Certificate was issued is so that - exclusively - they hold the title of birth to your legal person. This is compounded further when one voluntarily obtains a driver's license or a Social Security Identification number. They own even your personal and private life through your STATE issued marriage certificate issued in the names of legal persons. You have no Rights in birth, marriage, or even death. They hold the sovereign right to all legal fiction titles they have created.
Our current problem is that we have voluntarily agreed to their system of legal fiction law by simply remaining silent - a legal default - and not taking claim to our own Rights. The legal rules and codes enforce themselves. There is no court hearing to determine if those rules are correct. Their "law" is self-regulating and self-supporting. Once set into motion, their "laws" automatically come into effect provided the legal process has been followed.
Cujusque rei potissima pars principium est-The principal part of everything is in the beginning.
The various bankruptcies
The legally created fiction called CANADA/UNITED STATES is bankrupt since 1929-31 and holds no lawful Constitutionally mandated silver or gold - coin and bullion - to back up or pay their debts. For example: all privately held and federally held gold coins and bullion in America was seized by Executive Order of April 5, 1933 and paid to the creditor, the private Federal Reserve Bank Corporation (FRB) under the terms of bankruptcy.
Congress - still meeting under Executive Order authority - confirmed this bankruptcy through the Joint Resolution to Suspend The Gold Standard And Abrogate The Gold Clause, June 5, 1933 in H.J. Res. 192, 73rd Congress, 1st session, Public Law 73-10. Within this 1933 Public Law, it states in part:
every provision contained in or made with respect to any obligation which purports to give the obligee a right to require payment in gold or a particular kind of coin or currency, or in an amount in money of the United States measured thereby, is declared to be against public policy".
In 1950, the corporate U.S. declared bankruptcy a second time, whereby the Secretary of Treasury was appointed as "Receiver" of the bankruptcy in Reorganization Plan No. 26, Title 5 USC 903, Public Law 94-564, Legislative History, page 5967.
The only asset the Canada/UNITED STATES has, in order to pay their bankruptcy debt since 1933, is the people themselves. But, if Canada/UNITED STATES openly declared this, the people would never allow their labors and future to be collateral to this bankruptcy debt. Consequently, they legally pledge the future labor and tax revenues of Canadians/Americans, by and through the full caps fictional legal persons they have created, as collateral for credit - loans - to pay daily operational costs and the ever increasing debt.
Full caps legal person v. the lawful being
Just who is the full caps person, i.e. JOHN JAMES SMITH? He's the legal fiction the government created to take the place of the real being, i.e. John James Smith. The lawful Christian name of birthright has been substituted by a legal fiction created by the De Facto government. If the lawful Christian name answers as the legal person, the two are recognized as being one and the same. However, if the lawful being refuses acceptance of the legal fiction, the two are separated. Therein lies the simple solution to the entire matter: refusal by the lawful Christian to accept or answer for the legal person.
How did this happen? A result of the federal government bankruptcies was their creation of a legal fiction known as CANADA/THE UNITED STATES as a part of their legal reorganization. Each /ProvinceSTATE was also converted to their respective fictional legal person, i.e. THE STATE OF TEXAS. Legal fictions can create further legal fictions, such as corporations or any other fictional persons easily identified by being written with full caps. Once this was accomplished, the entire process was set into motion.
All areas of government, including the purported courts of law, are currently authorized by, and operating as, legally created fictions. For example, the CIRCUIT COURT OF WAYNE COUNTY or the U.S. DISTRICT COURT can only recognize other legal persons. This is why your lawful name is never entered in their records. It has been substituted with the legal person written with full caps. Jurisdiction in such legal fiction courts is only with other legal fictions-persons. The only jurisdiction a lawful being can enter into is a lawful constitutional court-a common law venue. The "catch 22" is that lawful courts no longer exist. Only legal courts are available to Americans.
The purpose and reason for the government use of proper names written in full caps is now revealed. The only way to counter this is for lawful Americans to stop accepting the use of the substituted legal fiction the State has given them. Every document now issued by any government addresses the person written in full caps. Lawful Americans must insist that they are not that legal fiction and refuse to accept it. By joining together and doing so from the local level, each community will begin to upset the legal order. Lawful Americans must begin to demand lawful government and lawful courts. The legal fictions can only come to an end when the people refuse to use or recognize them.
The only way to restore lawful government in America is for the people to refuse the privileges of the legal government now unlawfully in place. We've all been duped and the billboard was right before our own eyes. The use of full caps to write a proper name is absolutely no mistake.
"For the Lord is Our Judge, the Lord is Our Lawgiver,
the Lord is Our King; He will save us" -Isaiah 33:22
Forgive the pun I don't mean to appear cheeky but the case below is actual and applicable in your law forum. I make no use of this case I only provide it in performing a function of my calling and duty to bring you into awareness .
Criminal Tax Law: A Summary of Cheek v. United States
Authors: Thomas B. Ripy, American Law Division
Abstract: The decision of the Supreme Court in Cheek v. United States, 111 S.Ct. 604 (1991), generated considerable commentary from various sources, some of whom viewed this decision as a major victory for tax protesters. In fact the decision provides little comfort to protesters, since it plows no new legal ground and simply adopts the view of criminal tax provisions already accepted by the vast majority of the circuits. The Supreme Court held that the statutory standard for willfulness under the criminal tax provisions involved requires the "voluntary, intentional violation of a known legal duty."
Is it a known legal duty to violate the commands of God? What do you think Lorraine ? Can I be told to break God's law by mans law? Do you have jurisdiction to do that?
The Glossary of terms below are for all competent and incompetent men and women in their private capacity and (no military term intended) that act in a public capacity as so called officers public servants and agents of the defacto regime government or those corporations registered with them in collateral interlocking equity , for your benefit and for all those who would know the truth. This is provided to you to show you that a man of my faith cannot associate with nor be labeled as fiction without his consent as this is violating my privacy of faith and beliefs by bifurcating my name and categorizing me as res and an owned thing . I am owned by God and not man's law nor commercial registry. It is provide for clarity.
Definitions - From Bouvier's Law Dictionary (1856) and Black's Law Dictionary, Third Edition (1933)
CITIZEN, persons. - Bouvier's
One who, under the constitution and laws of the United States, has a right to vote for representatives in congress, and other public officers, and who is qualified to fill offices in the gift of the people. In a more extended sense, under the word citizen, are included all white persons born in the United States, and naturalized persons born out of the same, who have not lost their right as such. This includes men, women, and children.
2. Citizens are either native born or naturalized. Native citizens may fill any office; naturalized citizens may be elected or appointed to any office under the constitution of the United States, except the office of president and vice-president. The constitution provides, that " the citizens of each state shall be entitled to all the privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states." Art. 4, s. 2.
3. All natives are not citizens of the United States; the descendants of the aborigines, and those of African origin, are not entitled to the rights of citizens. Anterior to the adoption of the constitution of the United States, each state had the right to make citizens of such persons as it pleased. That constitution does not authorize any but white persons to become citizens of the United States; and it must therefore be presumed that no one is a citizen who is not white. 1 Litt. R. 334; 10 Conn. R. 340; 1 Meigs, R. 331.
4. A citizen of the United States, residing in any state of the Union, is a citizen of that state. 6 Pet. 761 Paine, 594;1 Brock. 391; 1 Paige, 183 Metc. & Perk. Dig. h. t.; vide 3 Story's Const. ?1687 Bouv. Inst. Index, b. t.; 2 Kent, Com. 258; 4 Johns. Ch. R. 430; Vatt. B. 1, c. Id, ?212; Poth. Des Personnes, tit. 2, s. 1. Vide Body Politic; Inhabitant.
CITIZEN. - Black's 3rd
A member of a free city or jural society, (civitas,) possessing all the rights and privileges which can be enjoyed by any person under its constitution and government, and subject to the corresponding duties.
The term appears to have been used in the Roman government to designate a person who had the freedom of the city, and the right to exercise all political and civil privileges of the government. There was also, at Rome, a partial citizenship, including civil, but not political rights. Complete citizenship embraced both. Thomasson v. State, 15 Ind. 451; 17 L. Q. Rev. 270; 1 Sel. Essays in Anglo-Amer. L. H. 578.
One who, as a member of a nation or body politic of the sovereign state, owe allegiance to and may claim reciprocal protection from its government. Ozbolt v. Lumbermen's Indemnity Exchange (Tex. Civ. App.) 204 S. W. 252, 253.
In American Law
One who, under the constitution and laws of the United States, or of a particular state, and by virtue of birth or naturalization within the jurisdiction, is a member of the political community, owing allegiance and being entitled to the enjoyment of full civil rights. U. S. v. Cruikshank, 92 U. S. 542, 23 L. Ed. 588; White v. Clements, 39 Ga. 259; Amy v. Smith, 1 Litt. (Ky.) 331; State v. County Court, 90 Mo. 593, 2 S. W. 788; Minor v. Happersett, 21 Wall. 162, 22 L. Ed. 627; U. S. v. Morris (D. C.) 125 F. 325.
All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. (Cites omitted.)
* * *
A "citizen" ordinarily means only a natural person, and will not be construed to include a corporation, unless the general purpose and import or constitutional provision in which the term is found seems to require it. (Cites omitted.)
Similarly, "citizen," with reference to the jurisdiction of the federal courts, does not include an association. (Cites omitted.)
The term "citizen" is distinguishable from "resident" or "inhabitant." One may be a citizen of a state without being an inhabitant, or an inhabitant without being a citizen. (Cites omitted.)
The words "citizen" and "citizenship," however, usually include the idea of domicile; (cites omitted) and hence in common use, "citizen" often denotes an inhabitant or resident. (Cites omitted.)
DOMICILE. - Black's 3rd
That place where a man has his true, fixed, and permanent home and principal establishment, and to which whenever he is absent he has the intention of returning. (Cites omitted.)
That place in which a man has voluntarily fixed the habitation of himself and his family, not for a mere special or temporary purpose, but with the present intention of making a permanent home, for an unlimited or indefinite period. (Cites omitted.)
In international law, a residence at a particular place, accompanied with positive proof of an intention to continue there for an unlimited time. State v. Collector of Bordentown, 32 N. J. Law. 192; Graham v. Graham, 9 N. D. 88, 81 N. W. 44; Phillimore, Int. Law 49.
DOMICILED. - Black's 3rd
Established in a given domicile; belonging to a given state or jurisdiction by right of domicile.
DOMICIL. - Bouvier's
The place where a person has fixed his ordinary dwelling, without a present intention of removal. 10 Mass. 488; 8 Cranch, 278; Ersk. Pr. of Law of Scotl. B. 1, tit. 2, s. 9; Denisart, tit. Domicile, 1, 7, 18, 19; Voet, Pandect, lib. 5, tit. 1, 92, 97; 5 Madd. Ch. R. 379; Merl. Rep. tit. Domicile; 1 Binn. 349, n.; 4 Humph. 346. The law of domicil is of great importance in those countries where the maxim "actor sequitur forum rei" is applied to the full extent. Code Civil, art. 102, &c.; 1 Toullier, 318.
2. A man cannot be without a domicile?, for he is not supposed to have abandoned his last domicile until he has acquired a new one. 5 Ves. 587; 3 Robins. 191; 1 Binn. 349, n.; 10 Pick. 77. Though by the Roman law a man might abandon his domicile, and, until be acquired a. new one, he was without a domicile. By fixing his residence at two different places a man may have two domiciles at one and the same time; as, for example, if a foreigner, coming to this country, should establish two houses, one in New York and the, other in New Orleans, and pass one-half of the year in each; he would, for most purposes, have two domiciles. But it is to be observed that circumstances which might be held sufficient to establish a commercial domicile in time of war, and a matrimonial, or forensic or political domicile in time of peace, might not be such as would establish a principal or testamentary domicile, for there is a wide difference in applying the law of domicile to contracts and to wills. Phill. on Dom. xx; 11 Pick. 410 10 Mass. 488; 4 Wash. C. C. R. 514.
3. There are three kinds of domicils, namely: 1. The domicile of origin. domicilium originis vel naturale. 2. The domicile by operation of law, or necessary domicile. 3. Domicile of choice.
4. - ?1. By domicile of origin is understood the home of a man's parents, not the place where, the parents being on a visit or journey, a child happens to be born. 2 B. & P. 231, note; 3 Ves. 198. Domicile of origin is to be distinguished from the accidental place of birth. 1 Binn. 349.
5. - ?2. There are two classes of persons who acquire domicile by operation of law. 1st. Those who are under the control of another, and to whom the law gives the domicile of another. Among these are, 1. The wife. 2. The minor. 3. The lunatic, &c. 2d. Those on whom the state affixes a domicile. Among this class are found, 1. The officer. 2. The prisoner, &c.
6. - 1st. Among those who, being under the control of another, acquire such person's domicile, are, 1. The wife. The wife takes the domicile of her husband, and the widow retains it, unless she voluntarily change it, or unless, she marry a second time, when she takes the domicile of the second husband. A party may have two domiciles, the one actual, the other legal; the husband's actual and the wife's legal domicile, are, prima facie, one. Addams' Ecc. R. 5, 19. 2. The domicile of the minor is that of the father, or in Case of his death, of the mother. 5 Ves. 787; 2 W. & S. 568; 3 Ohio R. 101; 4 Greenl. R. 47. 3. The domicile of a lunatic is regulated by the same principles which operated in cases of minors the domicile of such a person may be changed by the direction, or with the assent of the guardian, express or implied. 5 Pick. 20.
7. - 2d. The law affixes a domicile. 1. Public officers, such as the president of the United States, the secretaries and such other officers whose public duties require a temporary residence at the capital, retain their domiciles. Ambassadors preserve the domiciles which they have in their respective countries, and this privilege extends to the ambassador's family. Officers, soldiers, and marines, in the service of the United States, do not lose their domiciles while thus employed. 2. A prisoner does not acquire a domicile where the prison is, nor lose his old. 1 Milw. R. 191, 2.
8. - ?3. The domicile of origin, which has already been explained, remains until another has been acquired. In order to change such domicile; there must be an actual removal with an intention to reside in the place to which the party removes. 3 Wash. C. C. R. 546. A mere intention to remove, unless such intention is carried into effect, is not sufficient. 5 Greenl. R. 143. When he changes it, he acquires a domicile in the. place of his new residence, and loses his original domicile. But upon a return with an intention to reside, his original domicile is restored. 3 Rawle, 312; 1 Gallis. 274, 284; 5 Rob. Adm. R. 99.
9. How far a settlement in a foreign country will impress a hostile character on a merchant, see Chitty's Law of Nations, 31 to 50; 1 Kent, Com. 74 to 80; 13 L. R. 296; 8 Cranch, 363; 7 Cranch, 506; 2 Cranch, 64 9 Cranch, 191; 1 Wheat. 46; 2 Wheat 76; 3 Wheat. 1 4 2 Gall. R. 268; 2 Pet. Adm. Dec. 438 1 Gall. R. 274. As to its effect in the administration of the assets of a deceased non-resident, see 3 Rawle's R. 312; 3 Pick. R. 128; 2 Kent, Com. 348; 10 Pick. R. 77. The law of Louisiana relating to the "domicil and the manner of changing the same" will be found in the Civil Code of Louisiana, tit. 2, art. 42 to 49. See, also, 8 M. R. 709; 4 N. S. 51; 6 N. S. 467; 2 L. R. 35; 4 L. R. 69; 5 N. S. 385 5 L. R. 332; 8 L. R. 315; 13 L. R. 297 11 L. R. 178; 12 L. R. 190. See, on the subject generally, Bouv. Inst. Index, h. t. 2 Bos. & Pul. 230, note 1 Mason's Rep. 411; Toullier, Droit Civil Francais, liv. 1, tit. 3, n., 362 a 378; Domat, tome 2, liv. 1, s. 3; Pothier, Introduction Generale aux Coutumes, n. 8 a 20; 1 Ashm. R. 126; Merl. Rep. tit. Domicile 3 Meriv. R. 79; 5 Ves. 786; 1 Crompt. & J. 151; 1 Tyrwh. R. 91; 2 Tyrwh. R. 475; 2 Crompt. & J. 436 3 Wheat. 14 3 Rawle, 312; 7 Cranch, 506 9 Cranch, 388; 5 Pick. 20; 1 Gallis, 274, 545; 10 Mass. 488 11 Mass. 424; 13 Mass. 501 2 Greenl. 411; 3 Greenl 229, 354; 4 Greenl. 47; 8 Greenl. 203; 5 Greenl. 143; 4 Mason, 308; 3 Wash. C. C. R. 546; 4 Wash. C. C. R. 514 4 Wend, 602; 8 Wend. 134; 5 Pick. 370 10 Pick. 77; 11 Pick. 410; 1 Binn. 349, n.; Phil. on Dom. passim.
Employ - Black's 3rd
To engage in one's service; to use as an agent or substitute in transacting business; to commission and in trust with the management of one's affairs; and, when used in respect to a servant or hired laborer, the term is equivalent to hiring, which implies a request and a contract for compensation, and has but this one meaning when used in the ordinary affairs and business of life. McCluskey v. Cromwell, 11 N.Y. 605; Murray v. Walker, 83 Iowa, 202, 48 N.W. 1075; Malloy v. Board of Education, 102 Cal. 642, 36 P. 948; Gurney v. Railroad Co., 58 N.Y. 371.
Employed - Black's 3rd
This signifies both the act of doing a thing and the being under contract or orders to do it. U. S. v. Morris, 14 Pet. 475, 10 L.Ed. 543; U. S. v. The Catharine, 2 Paine, 721, Fed. Cas. No. 14,755; In re Cormick's Estate, 100 Neb. 669, 160 N.W. 989, L.R.A. 1917D, 265; Rose v. Clutter (Tex. Com. App.) 271 S.W. 890, 891; Missouri, K. & T. Ry. Co. v. West, 38 Okl. 581, 134 P. 655, 658.
Employee - Black's 3rd
This word "is from the French, but has become somewhat naturalized in our language. Strictly, and etymologically, it means 'a person employed', but in practice in the French language, it ordinarily is used to signify a person in some official employment, and as generally used with us, though perhaps not confined to any official employment, it is understood to mean some permanent employment or position." The word may be more extensive than "clerk" or "officer," and may signify any one in place, or having charge or using a function, as well as one in office. See Ritter v. State, 111 Ind. 324, 12 N.E. 501; Palmer v. Van Santvoord, 153 N.Y. 612, 47 N.E. 915, 38 L.R.A. 402; Frick Co. v. Norfolk & O. V. R. Co., 86 Fed 738, 32 C.C.A. 31; People v. Board of Police, 75 N.Y. 38; Finance Co. v. Charleston, C. & C. R. Co. (C. C.) 52 Fed. 527; State v. Sarlls, 135 Ind. 195, 34 N.E. 1129; Hopkins v. Cromwell, 89 App. Div. 481, 85 N.Y.S. 839.
One who works for an employer; a person working for salary or wages; applied to anyone so working, but usually only to clerks, workmen, laborers, etc., and but rarely to the higher officers of a corporation or government or to domestic servants. Century Dict., quoted in U. S. v. Schlierholz, 137 F. 616, 624; Maryland Casualty Co. v. New Orleans Cotton Seed Oil, etc., Co., 3 Orl. App. (La.) 285; Palmer v. Van Santvoord, 153 N.Y. 612, 47 N.E. 915, 38 L.R.A. 402; Helliwell v. Sweitzer, 278 Ill. 248, 115 N.E. 810, 812.
"Employee" must be distinguished from "independent contractor," "officer," "vice-principal," "agent," etc. The term is often especially defined by statutes; and whether one is an employee or not will depend upon particular facts and circumstances even though the relation of master and servant, or some other form of contractual relationship does or does not exist. See Fidelity & Casualty Co. of New York v. Industrial Acc. Commission of California, 191 Cal 404, 216 P. 578, 579, 43 A.L.R. 1304; ***
One who is in the service of another. Such a person is entitled to rights and liable to. perform certain duties.
2. He is entitled to a just compensation for his services; when there has been a special contract, to what has been agreed upon; when not, to such just recompense as he deserves.
3. He is bound to perform the services for which he has engaged himself; and for a violation of his engagement he may be sued, but he is not liable to corporal correction. An exception to this rule may be mentioned; on the ground of necessity, a sailor may be punished by reasonable correction, when it is necessary for the safety of the vessel, and to maintain discipline. 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 1001: 2 Id. n. 2296.
EMPLOYEE. - Bouvier's
One who is authorized to act for another; a mandatory.
EMPLOYMENT. - Bouvier's
An employment is an office; as, the secretary of the treasury has a laborious and responsible employment; an agency, as, the employment of an auctioneer; it signifies also the act by which one is engaged to do something. 2 Mart. N. S. 672; 2 Harr. Cond. Lo. R. 778.
2. The employment of a printer to publish the laws of the United States, is not an office. 17 S. & R. 219, 223. See Appointment.
EMPLOYER. - Bouvier's
One who has engaged or hired the services of another. He is entitled to rights and bound to perform duties.
2. - 1. His rights are, to be served according to the terms of the contract. 2. He has a right against third persons for an injury to the person employed, or for harboring him, so as to deprive the employer of his services. 2 Bouv. Inst. n. 2295.
3. His duties are to pay the workman the compensation agreed upon, or if there be no special agreement, such just recompense as he deserves. Vide Hire; Hirer.
ESTABLISH. - Bouvier's
This word occurs frequently in the Constitution of the United States, and it is there used in different meanings. 1. To settle firmly, to fix unalterably; as, to establish justice, which is the avowed object of the constitution. 2. To make or form as, to establish an uniform rule of naturalization, and uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies, which evidently does not mean that these laws shall be unalterably established as justice. 3. To found, to create, to regulate; as, congress shall have power to establish post roads and post offices. 4. To found, recognize, confirm or admit; as, congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion. 5. To create, to ratify, or confirm; as, we, the people, &., do ordain and establish this constitution, 1 Story, Const. ?454.
ESTABLISHMENT, ESTABLISSEMENT - Black's 3rd
An ordinance or statute. Especially used of those ordinances or statutes passed in the reign of Edw. I. 2 Inst 156; Britt. C. 21.
Establishment is also used to denote the settlement of dower by the husband upon his wife. Britt. C. 102.
Institution, place where conducted and equipment; industrial plant and appurtenances; place of business and fixtures; residence with grounds, furniture, equipage, etc. (Cites omitted.)
ESQUIRE. - Bouvier's
A title applied by courtesy to officers of almost every description, to members of the bar, and others. No one is entitled to it by law, and, therefore, it confers, no distinction in law.
2. In England, it is a title next above that of a gentleman, and below a knight. Camden reckons up four kinds of esquires, particularly regarded by the heralds: 1. The eldest sons of knights and their eldest sons, in perpetual succession. 2. The eldest sons of the younger sons of peers, and their eldest sons in like perpetual succession. 3. Esquires created by the king's letters patent, or other investiture, and their eldest sons. 4. Esquires by virtue of their office, as justices of the peace, and others who bear any office of trust under the crown.
ESQUIRE. - Black's 3rd
In English law. A title of dignity next above gentleman, and below knight. Also a title of office given to sheriffs, sergeants, and barristers at law, justices of the peace, and others. 1 Bl. Comm. 406; 3 Steph. Comm. 15, note; Tomlins. On the use of this term in American law, particularly as applied to justices of the peace, see Call v. Foresman, 5 Watts (Pa.) 331; Christian v. Ashley County, 24 Ark. 151; Com. V. Vance, 15 Serg. & R. (Pa.) 37.
INHABITANT. - Bouvier's
One who has his domicile in a place is an inhabitant of that place; one who has an actual fixed residence in a place.
2. A mere intention to remove to a place will not make a man an inhabitant of such place, although as a sign of such intention he may have sent his wife and children to reside there. 1 Ashm. R. 126. Nor will his intention to quit his residence, unless consummated, deprive him of his right as an inhabitant. 1 Dall. 480. Vide 10 Ves. 339; 14 Vin. Ab. 420; 1 Phil. Ev. Index, h. t.; Const. of Mass., part 2, c. 1, s. 2, a. 1; Kyd on Corp. 321; Anal. des Pand. de Poth. mot Habitans; Poth. Pand. lib. 50, t. 1, s. 2; 6 Adolph. & Ell. 153; 33 Eng. Common Law Rep. 31.
3. The inhabitants of the United States may be classed into, 1. Those born within the country; and, 2. Those born out of it.
4. - 1. The natives consist, 1st. Of white persons, and these are all citizens of the United States, unless they have lost that right. 2d. Of the aborigines, and these are not in general, citizens of the United States nor do they possess any political power. 3d. Of negroes, or descendants of the African race, and these generally possess no political authority whatever, not being able to vote, nor to hold any office. 4th. Of the children of foreign ambassadors, who are citizens or subjects as their fathers are or were at the time of their birth.
5. - 2. Persons born out of the jurisdiction of the United States, are, 1st. children of citizens of the United States, or of persons who have been such; they are citizens of the United States, provided the father of such children shall have resided within the same. Act of Congress of April 14, 1802, ?4. 2d. Persons who were in the country at the time of the adoption of the constitution; these have all the rights of citizens. 3d. Persons who have become naturalized under the laws of any state before the passage of any law on the subject of naturalization by Congress, or who have become naturalized under the acts of congress, are citizens of the United States, and entitled to vote for all officers who are elected by citizens, and to hold any office except those of president and vice-president of the United States. 4th. Children of naturalized citizens, who were under the age of twenty-one years, at the time of their parent's being so naturalized or admitted to the rights of citizen-ship, are, if then dwelling in the United States, considered as citizens of the United States, and entitled to the same rights as their respective fathers. 5th. Persons who resided in a territory which was annexed to the United States by treaty, and the territory became a state; as, for example, a person who, born in France, moved to Louisiana in 1806, and settled there, and remained in the territory until it was admitted as a state, it was held, that although not naturalized under the acts of congress, he was a citizen of the United States. Deshois' Case, 2 Mart. Lo. R. 185. 6th. Aliens or foreigners, who have never been naturalized, and these are not citizens of the United States, nor entitled to any political rights whatever. See Alien; Body politic; Citizen; Domicil; Naturalization.
INHABITANT. - Black's 3rd
One who resides actually and permanently in a given place, and has his domicile there. Ex parte Shaw, 145 U. S. 444, 12 S. Ct. 935, 6 L. Ed. 768; The Pizarro, 2 Wheat. 245, 4 L. Ed. 226.
MISTER. - Not in Black's 3rd
MISTER. - Black's 6th
A title of courtesy. A trade, craft, occupation, employment, office.
MISTERY. - Not in Bouvier's
MISTERY. - Black's 3rd
A trade or calling. Cowell.
PERSON. - Bouvier's
This word is applied to men, women and children, who are called natural persons. In law, man and person are not exactly-synonymous terms. Any human being is a man, whether he be a member of society or not, whatever may be the rank he holds, or whatever may be his age, sex, &c. A person is a man considered according to the rank he holds in society, with all the rights to which the place he holds entitles him, and the duties which it imposes. 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 137.
2. It is also used to denote a corporation which is an artificial person. 1 Bl. Com. 123; 4 Bing. 669; C. 33 Eng. C. L R. 488; Wooddes. Lect. 116; Bac. Us. 57; 1 Mod. 164.
3. But when the word "Persons" is spoken of in legislative acts, natural persons will be intended, unless something appear in the context to show that it applies to artificial persons. 1 Scam. R. 178.
4. Natural persons are divided into males, or men; and females or women. Men are capable of all kinds of engagements and functions, unless by reasons applying to particular individuals. Women cannot be appointed to any public office, nor perform any civil functions, except those which the law specially declares them capable of exercising. Civ. Code of Louis. art. 25.
5. They are also sometimes divided into free persons and slaves. Freemen are those who have preserved their natural liberty, that is to say, who have the right of doing what is not forbidden by the law. A slave is one who is in the power of a master to whom he belongs. Slaves are sometimes ranked not with persons but things. But sometimes they are considered as persons for example, a negro is in contemplation of law a person, so as to be capable of committing a riot in conjunction with white men. 1 Bay, 358. Vide Man.
6. Persons are also divided into citizens, (q. v.) and aliens, (q. v.) when viewed with regard to their political rights. When they are considered in relation to their civil rights, they are living or civilly dead; vide Civil Death; outlaws; and infamous persons.
7. Persons are divided into legitimates and bastards, when examined as to their rights by birth.
8. When viewed in their domestic relations, they are divided into parents and children; hushands and wives; guardians and wards; and masters and servants son, as it is understood in law, see 1 Toull. n. 168; 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 1890, note.
PERSON. - Black's 3rd
A man considered according to the rank he holds in society, with all the right to which the place he holds entitles him. People v. R. Co., 134 N.Y. 506, 31 N.E. 873.
The term is, however, more extensive than man. It may include artificial beings, as corporations, *** ** **
PERSONABLE. - Bouvier's
Having the capacities of a person; for example, the defendant was judged personable to maintain this action. Old Nat. Brev. 142. This word is obsolete.
PERSONAL. - Bouvier's
Belonging to the person.
2. This adjective is frequently employed in connection with substantives, things, goods, chattels, actions, right, duties, and the like as personal estate, put in opposition to real estate; personal actions, in contradistinction to real actions; personal rights are those which belong to the person; personal duties are those which are to be performed in person.
RESIDENCE. - Bouvier's
A man's residence or permanent abode. Such a man is called a resident. Kitch. 33.RESIDENCE. - Bouvier's
The place of one's domicile. (q. v.) There is a difference between a man's residence and his domicile. He may have his domicile in Philadelphia, and still he may have a residence in New York; for although a man can have but one domicile, he may have several residences. A residence is generally tran-sient in its nature, it becomes a domicile when it is taken up animo manendi. Roberts; Ecc. R. 75.
2. Residence is prima facie evidence of national character, but this may at all times be explained. When it is for a special purpose and transient in its nature, it does not destroy the national character.
3. In some cases the law requires that the residence of an officer shall be in the district in which he is required to exercise his functions. Fixing his residence elsewhere without an intention of returning, would violate such law. Vide the cases cited under the article Domicil; Place of residence.
RESIDENT, international law. - Bouvier's
A minister, according to diplomatic language, of a third order, less in dignity than an ambassador, or an envoy. This term formerly related only to the continuance of the minister's stay, but now it is confined to ministers of this class.
2. The resident does not represent the prince's person in his dignity, but only his affairs. His representation is in reality of the same nature as that of the envoy; hence he is often termed, as well as the envoy, a minister of the second order, thus distinguishing only two classes of public ministers, the former consisting of ambassadors who are invested with the representative character in preeminence, the latter comprising all other ministers, who do not possess that exalted character. This is the most necessary distinction, and indeed the only essential one. Vattel liv. 4, c. 6, 73.
RESIDENT, persons. - Bouvier's
A person coming into a place with intention to establish his domicile or permanent residence, and who in consequence actually remains there. Time is not so essential as the intent, executed by making or beginning an actual establishment, though it be abandoned in a longer, or shorter period. See 6 Hall's Law Journ. 68; 3 Hagg. Eccl. R. 373; 20 John. 211 2 Pet. Ad. R. 450; 2 Scamm. R. 377.
RESIDENT and Citizen --- Comparisons in Meanings
From WORDS & PHRASES, the following information concerning RESIDENT and Citizen is found; please pay careful attention to when these terms are synonymous and when the meanings are distinctly and politically different. Please note when one does not have "standing to sue" in federal court.
Resident" is defined as "dwelling or having an abode in any place." United States v. Penelope, 27 Fed.Cas. 486, 487.
The terms "reside," "residing," "resident," and "residence" are elastic and should be interpreted in light of object or purpose of statute in which such term is employed. McGrath v. Stevenson, 77 P.2d 608, 609, 194 Wash. 160.
Resident" is defined in Burrill's Law Dictionary to be "one who has a seat or settlement in a place; one who dwells, abides, or lives in a place; an inhabitant; one who resides or dwells in a place for some time." Etc. Brown v. Ashbough, N.Y., 40 How.Prac. 260, 263.
The term "residents" as used in the conscript laws, includes not only citizens, native and naturalized, but also foreigners, whose residence in this country has been such as to attach to them a national character as members of society. "The word 'residents' is ordinarily used to designate persons in a particular locality, as of a city, town, or county, and not, as in this instance, to designate a class within the whole limits of the government. Congress designed that this term should include more than citizens, native or naturalized; otherwise the word 'citizen' would have been used. It includes also foreigners, not naturalized, whose residence here has been such as to attach to them a national character as members of society, and who are thereby under obligation to defend the country." Ex parte Blumer, 27 Tex. 734, 736.
One technically a German subject, who after residing in United States for 26 years and filing of application for citizenship, because of ill health and to settle his parents' estate, went to Germany in 1917 and was compelled against his will to remain until cessation of hostilities, and who during such time did no hostile act, held a "transient" during his stay in Germany, and not a "resident" of Germany, and did not lose his "residence within" United states, and hence was entitled under Trading with the Enemy Act Oct. 6, 1917, sections 2, 9 (50 U.S.C.A. Appendix sections 1-9), to sue to recover property seized during his absence by Alien Property Custodian; "residence" being many times synonymous with "domicile," but not with "citizenship," and a "transient" being one who is temporarily within the jurisdiction by reason of business or pleasure. Stadtmuller v. Miller, C.C.A.N.Y., 11 F.2d 732, 734, 45 A.L.R. 895.
"Citizens" and "residents" are not synonymous. Jeffcott v. Donovan, C.C.A.9, 135 F.2d 213, 214.
"Citizen" and "resident" are not synonymous, in diversity cases, since a resident of one state may be a citizen of any other state. O'Connor v. Johnson, D.C.N.Y., 74 F.Supp. 370, 374.
The words "inhabitant", "citizen", and "resident", within statute requiring that divorce petitioner be an inhabitant of state for 12 months and a resident of county of venue for 6 months, mean substantially the same thing. Wilson v. Wilson, Tex.Civ.App., 189 S.W.2d 212, 213.
The word "citizen" as used in the Judicial Code is synonymous with "inhabitant" and "resident". Linton v. Cantrell, D.C.Tenn., 34 F.Supp. 782, 783.
In divorce statutes we think the terms "resident" or residence are equivalent in meaning to that of citizen or domicile. Vachikinas v. Vachikinas, 112 S.E. 316, 319, 91 W.Va. 181.
An averment that the parties are "inhabitants" or "residents" of different states is not equivalent to an averment that they are "citizens". Wood v. Mann, 1 Sumn. 578, 30 Fed.Cas. 447, 448.
The word "citizen," while not convertible with the word "resident," is often used synonymously with it, without any implication of political privileges. Prowd v. Gore, 207 P. 490, 491, 57 Cal.App. 458.
An averment in a pleading that plaintiff is a "resident" of a particular state is not equivalent to one that he is a citizen of that state, and is insufficient to give a federal court jurisdiction, where that is dependent on diversity of citizenship. Board of Trustees of Mohican Tp., Ashland County, Ohio, v. Johnson, 133 F. 524, 66 C.C.A. 592.
The word "citizen" does not always mean the same thing. Thus, we speak of a person as a citizen of a particular place, when we mean nothing more than he is a resident of the place. When we speak of a citizen of the United States, we mean one who was born within the limits of, or who has been naturalized by the laws of the United States. As used in the act relating to the acquisition of public lands by religious societies (Act March 14, 1831), requiring such societies to furnish a list of the names of their members, specifying that they are citizens of the township, the word "citizen" is used as synonymous with "resident." State v. Trustees of Section 29, Delhi Tp., 11 Ohio 24, 28.
The provision of Act Tenn. March 19, 1877, Laws 1877, c. 31, section 5, that, on the insolvency of a foreign corporation carrying on business in the state, "creditors who may be residents of this state shall have a priority in the distribution of assets over all simple contract creditors, being residents of any other country or countries," must be construed as using the word "residents" as meaning the same as "citizens"; and, as applied to creditors who are residents and citizens of other states, the provision is in contravention of section 2, art. 4, of the Constitution of the United States, declaring that the citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states. A corporation of another state, however, is not a "citizen," within the meaning of such constitutional provision and cannot invoke its protection. Blake v. McClung, 19 S.Ct. 165, 172 U.S. 239, 43 L.Ed. 432.
Under Pol.Code, section 51, defining citizens as persons born in the state and residing within it, and all persons born out of the state who are citizens of the United States and residing within the state, one suing to restrain an illegal payment of county funds, who describes himself as a "resident" of the county, does not show that he is entitled to sue, within Code Civ.Proc. section 526a, authorizing actions to restrain illegal expenditures of public funds, by a "citizen resident" therein; the words "resident" and "citizen" not being synonymous. Thomas v. Joplin, 112 P. 729, 730, 14 Cal.App. 662.
As used in Rev. St. section 5508, 18 U.S.C.A. section 51, providing a punishment to be inflicted on those who conspire to injure, oppress, threaten, or intimidate any citizen in the free exercise or enjoyment of any right or privilege secured to him by the Constitution or laws of the United States, it is used in its strict sense, as contrasted with "alien," and is not synonymous with "resident," "inhabitant," or "person." Baldwin v. Franks, 7 S.Ct. 656, 662, 120 U.S. 678, 32 L.Ed 766; Logan v. United States, 12 S.Ct. 617, 626, 144 U.S. 263, 36 L.Ed. 429.
"(b) Residence defined. An alien actually present in the United States who is not a mere transient or sojourner is a resident of the United States for purposes of the income tax. Whether he is a transient is determined by his intentions with regard to the length and nature of his stay. A mere floating intention, indefinite as to time, to return to another country is not sufficient to constitute him a transient. If he lives in the United States and has no definite intention as to his stay, he is a resident. One who comes to the United States for a definite purpose which in its nature may be promptly accomplished is a transient; but, if his purpose is of such a nature that an extended stay may be necessary for its accomplishment, and to that end the alien makes his home temporarily in the United States, he becomes a resident, though it may be his intention at all times to return to his domicile abroad when the purpose for which he came has been consummated or abandoned. An alien whose stay in the United States is limited to a definite period by the immigration laws is not a resident of the United States within the meaning of this section, in the absence of exceptional circumstances." (Original source unknown.) [Quoted in Merten's Law of Federal Income taxation (1995), Sec. 45.22.]
According to the motor vehicle registration laws:
35) "Resident" means a person who has his or her principal place of domicile in this state for a period of more than 6 consecutive months, who has registered to vote in this state, who has made a statement of domicile pursuant to s. 222.17, or who has filed for homestead tax exemption on property in this state.
According to the driver licensing laws:
(33) "Resident" means a person who has his or her principal place of domicile in this state for a period of more than 6 consecutive months, has registered to vote, has made a statement of domicile pursuant to s. 222.17, or has filed for homestead tax exemption on property in this state.
37) "State" means a state or possession of the United States, and, for the purposes of this chapter, includes the District of Columbia.
Uncensored Media Weekly
Are You a RESIDENT?
Putting RES and IDENT together
It's odd how we accept, in this present age, many terms or words that we don't even know the meanings of. A prime example of this is the meaning of the word PERSON. Moreso, meanings can be descriptive or political, as well as legalistic. How many times have you noticed the use of the word resident in your daily life? Do you have any idea what it means to be a resident? Most believe that a resident is a citizen of a particular state or nation or local community. Some have no idea what it means to be a resident. After reading this report, you will have no doubt what it means.
Firstly, let's distinguish between the words resident, residence, and reside. All of these words impart a similar definition that must be further defined in terms of usage. From A Dictionary of Law (1893), we have a good breakdown of the differences. Bold underlining has been added to highlight certain elements of the definitions:
RESIDE; RESIDENCE; RESIDENT. The negatives non-residence and non-resident are in frequent use.
Residence. The legal definitions of the cognate terms ""residence"" and ""domicile"" vary with the circumstances of the case and the mental constitution of judges and authors. While ""residence"" generally imports personal presence, one may have a ""domicile"" in a place from which he is absent most of the time. ""Residence"" also implies more than a temporary sojourn. [On Yuen Hai Co. v. Ross, 8 Saw. 392 (1882), Deady, J.] Residence means a fixed and permanent abode or dwelling place for the time being, as contradistinguished from a mere temporary locality of existence. [Re Wrigley, 8 Wend. 140 (1831), Walworth, Ch.] Ordinarily, the place of one's permanent domicile, rather than his temporary abode. [Reeder v. Holcomb, 105 Mass. 95 (1870), Chapman, Chief Justice.] Denotes permanency of occupation, as distinct from lodging, boarding, or other temporary occupation; but does not include as much as ""domicile,"" which requires an intention continued with residence. [Charter Oak Bank v. Reed, 45 Conn. 395 (1877), Loomis, J.] The precise meaning depends upon the purpose and phraseology of the particular statute. May refer to place of business, domicile, or home. [Tyler v. Murray, 57 Md. 441-43 (1881), Irving, J.; 30 id. 512; 35 id. 169].
Resident. Literally, one who sits, abides, inhabits, or dwells in a particular place. A person sojourning (i.e., residing) at a place is prima facie [on first appearance] residing there, and cannot be a resident of another place at the same time.
RESIDENT, international law. A minister, according to diplomatic language, of a third order, less in dignity than an ambassador, or an envoy. This term formerly related only to the continuance of the minister's stay, but now it is confined to ministers of this class. 2. The resident does not represent the prince's person in his dignity, but only his affairs. His representation is in reality of the same nature as that of the envoy; hence he is often termed, as well as the envoy, a minister of the second order, thus distinguishing only two classes of public ministers, the former consisting of ambassadors who are invested with the representative character in preeminence, the latter comprising all other ministers, who do not possess that exalted character. This is the most necessary distinction, and indeed the only essential one. Vattel liv. 4, c. 6, 73. - Bouvier's Law Dictionary (1856).
From the above definitions, we can see that a permanent dwelling, occupation, or business denote residency. If you live and abide in a certain place for longer than a sojourning period (a temporary time), you are considered a resident. If you are employed or engaged in a commercial occupation for longer than a temporary (part-time) working period, you are considered a resident. Note how being a resident or establishing residency strongly imparts living or working in commerce for a moment in time we generally denote as ""full time."" If you work or are employed ""full time,"" you are abiding as an established resident. The definitive tie between residency and occupation and/or employment is synonymous. Therefore, being a resident or establishing residency is directly related to business or commercial occupation.
How many times have you received postal mail at your dwelling place addressed to ""occupant"" or ""resident?"" Did you realize they are the same? All mail titled and received by you in this manner is founded in commerce. Only a personal correspondence letter is considered private, personal, or non-commercial post. Mail denotes commercial while posts denote non-commercial. This explains the difference between the original constitutional Post Office and the current commercial Postal Service. Accordingly, all posts are no longer called for at the Post Office, but rather delivered as mail by the commercial Postal Service. Delivery is also a commerce term.
Notice how, in the above definition, it explicitly states being a resident or having residency ""implies more than a temporary sojourn."" Who are sojourners? A description of a sojourner can be found in the Holy Bible at I Peter 17:19 (underlined emphasis added):
And if ye call on the Father, who without respect of persons judgeth according to every man's work, pass the time of your sojourning [here] in fear: Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, [as] silver and gold, from your vain conversation [received] by tradition from your fathers; But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:""
A Dictionary of Law (1893) defines sojourn as:
Something more than to ""travel,"" and implies to a temporary, as contradistinguished from a permanent, residence [Henry v. Ball, 1 Wheat. 5 (1816), Marshall, C.J.]
A Christian Man is a sojourner, not a permanent resident. He is the same as a purely definitive temporary resident of this world, a part-time dweller. No Christian is a permanent resident in the world for we are not of this world:
Jesus said, ''My kingdom is not of this world''."" Holy Bible, John 18:36
""If you were of the world, the world would love you as his* own: but because you are not of the world, but I have chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hates you"" See John 15:19. *by the word 'his', Jesus is referring to Lucifer, the fallen angel of God; Satan; the prince of this world. [See John 12:31]
They are not of the world, even as I am not of the world. Holy Bible, John 17:16.
Christians are permanent slaves of truth for the Kingdom of God, not of any worldly nation or government. Our work and occupation is as ambassadors and emissaries for and of the King of Kings and His Kingdom of Heaven, not as permanent or temporary residents and workers in the world where we are sojourners. Our place of permanence is not of this world even though we must temporarily live and sojourn in this world.
Mankind - in his worldly wisdom derived from the princes of this world - has resorted to legalistic definitions in order to define his status in the earthly world. These status definitions are opposite of the lawful definitions we see defined within God''s written Word for those who are of His Kingdom. Since the ecclesia (church) must, for a time, live in this world, then we must also understand the meanings and definitions this world uses.
RES . IDENT
Just where does the word resident come from? It's not found in the Holy Bible, but comes from the Roman Latin language. As in all spoken words of every language on earth, they are either a singular root word or a combination of root words. The origins of the word resident are a combination of the original Latin words ""Res"" and ""Idem"" (or Ident; Modern English Identity):
RES. A thing or things; whatever may be possessed, seized or attached; property; matter, subject matter. A Dictionary of Law (1893). A thing, object, matter, affair, business, event, fact, circumstance, occurrence, deed, condition, case. -Lewis & Short Latin Dictionary.
IDEM. The same, repeatedly.-Lewis & Short Latin Dictionary. The same. Abbreviated id.-A Dictionary of Law (1893).
IDENTITY. Sameness.-A Dictionary of Law (1893).
A simple definition of resident would be ""the same thing"". A more definitive explanation of its meaning would be ""property that is the same"". Res means neither a Christian nor a creation of God. Res is simply an object of property, such as (not living) property exchanged in commerce. Idem or identity is that which is the same. An accurate definition of the word resident is ""the same attached property"" or ""repeatedly attached property"".
Are you a resident, or are you a living, breathing, created Man of God? As the two are opposites, a Christian Man cannot be a thing or an object of property or commerce, such as goods that are sold and traded. You are either a resident or a created being of God. Which is it? Then why would you allow yourself to be classified with the worldly legalistic title of resident? Do you consider yourself to be nothing more than possessed, seized, or attached property no different than all other non-living things? A resident is property no less than a car or a house is property.
That commercial mail delivered by the corporate Postal Service to an ""address"" [numbered business structure] and received by you, the living creation of God, is being sent to a resident, an attached thing of property. When you accept delivery in this manner, you are accepting the identity - sameness - of the Res [thing].
When you are called a resident, or you agree that you are a resident by not objecting to the same, do you have any idea what legal meaning this has? Take a look at how the monopoly BAR Attorneys and the current U.S. and Canadian courts with their purported BAR Judges view you, as defined by Black's Law Dictionary, Seventh Edition (1999):
Res. Latin ""thing"" 1. An object, interest, or status.
Residence. 3. The place where a corporation or other enterprise does business or is registered to do business.
Residency. 1. A place of residence, esp. an official one.
Identity. The identical nature of two or more things. Evidence. The authenticity of a person [legal entity] or thing.
Identity of parties. Civil procedure. A relationship between two parties who are so close that a judgment against one prevents later action against the other because of res judicata [judgment of the thing].
Identitate nominis. Law Latin ""of identity of name"" [name identity].
If you enter into their legal jurisdiction ""courts"" as a resident, then you are no longer a Christian Man and God created being…… you have agreed, by entering inside their bar and venue, that you are a mere object of property and have identified yourself as an attachable thing. By calling yourself a resident, you deny who you are and become nothing more than a piece of property. As a resident, you are denying your existence as a living, breathing, and God created Man that has been made in the Spirit image and likeness of your Father God.
When they print and spell your name in all capital letters, this legally signifies your identitate nominis [name identity] as that of property. When the Christian Man John of the family Smith answers to the name JOHN SMITH, be it in the purported lawless courts or by accepting delivery of commercial mail addressed the same, you have transformed your lawful God-identity as a Christian to that of an attachable object of commerce.
We all have the power to choose our kingdom. However, when we reject the Kingdom of God, we have chosen to stay here on this Earth as mere animate objects that will perish like the dust. By choosing this earthly kingdom, we will have no claim to be restored to our true 'home' when we are finished with this journey. By doing so, we claim our permanent place to be "where moth and rust destroy". This is the fate of all who do not recognize the Kingdom of God, and like slaves to this world they return to a place that is not theirs, but belongs to a harsh master; the STATE, operating by a different and counterfeit law than that of God. The irony is that the claim of permanence as a resident is merely a deception. This world will pass away. Those who reject His Kingdom claim to be RESIDENTS of this impermanent world.
Who would have imagined how simple words could have so much meaning. Christians are sojourners in this world. We are of the King and His Kingdom. We are not residents in or of this world.
Sincerely in my ministerial duty as an emissary of Christ I am expecting you to deliver to me, an officiating minister of Christ, the property so mentioned in section 337 of the code that applies to only you as section 32 of the Charter explains, a true certified copy of your oath of allegiance, and definition of the meaning of that oath within fourteen days time. I demand this to verify to me that you are a true allegiant of her majesty so as to establish the integrity of the court or your truly allegiant sanction in God's law. Please do not lead me to believe you are an imposter by not providing it, as no "true allegiant" would refuse to do so. I cannot allow imposters to trespass on Church property it's gifted lands and claims nor exert false power over my ministry. "Nihil Dicit"
Exodus 20:3-5"Thou shall have no other god's before me! You shall not bow thyself to them nor serve them"
You will have to prove you are dejure and not a person before I will deliver my respect.
James 2:9 "If you show respect to persons you commit sin and are convinced of the law!" "Acts 10:34 Of truth I perceive God is nor respecter of persons!"
Failure to respond within 14 days or 10 working days is acknowledged as your tacit acceptance of so stated facts herein and throughout for ever as the truth of the matter and extinguishes all claims past present and future.
Minister of Christ performing a function of my calling. Genesis 11:29
All rights in Gods law reserved, without prejudice
Donald Christopher Carter
Minister, Church of the Ecumenical Redemption International
Cariboo Ecclesia, 4584 Barkerville Hwy, Quesnel near Cottonwood British Columbia No code non-commercial
Tel:1-250-992-9092; email, firstname.lastname@example.org
Witness testator: Director lawful advisor and proctor for the
Church of the Ecumenical Redemption International
Minister, Dr. Edward-Jay-Robin: Belanger PhD
CC: : Numerous Christian Societies and media networks as well as any and all interested parties via email posting on media websites and distribution to mining organizations and their affiliates world wide.
The private man doing business as
Minister of Sustainable Resources for the
Province of British Columbia
The private man doing business as
Minister of Deregulation for the declared
Province of British Columbia
The private man doing business as
Minister of Energy and mines for the declared
Province of British Columbia
TO the private man doing business as
Premier for the declared
Province of British Columbia
To the private woman doing business as the
Minister Of Canadian Revenue
For the bankrupt corporation known as Canada.
To the private woman doing business as the
Governor General of the bankrupt corporation Canada
The mans doing business as
Mr. Tom Pringle
appraiser provincial Taxation Williams lake
Province of British Columbia
Black's Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, Page 416:
de facto: In fact, in deed, actually. This phrase is used to characterize an officer, a government, a past action or a state of affairs which must be accepted for all practical purposes, but is illegal or illegitimate. Thus, an office, a position or status existing under a claim or color of right such as a de facto corporation. In this sense it is the contrary of de jure, which means rightful, legitimate, just, or constitutional. Thus, an officer, king, or government de facto is one who is in actual possession of the office or supreme power, but by usurpation, or without lawful title; while an officer, king, or governor de jure is one who has just claim and rightful title to the office or power, but has never had plenary possession of it, or is not in actual possession. MacLeod vl United States, 229 U.S. 416, 33 S.Ct. 955, 57 L.Ed. 1260. A wife de facto is one whose marriage is voidable by decree, as distinguished from a wife de jure, or lawful wife. But the term is also frequently used independently of any distinction from de jure; thus a blockade de facto is a blockade which is actually maintained, as distinguished from a mere paper blockade. .